Difference between Vertigo and Dizziness

The term vertigo cannot be confused with the term dizziness, since both are symptoms with very different origins and characteristics. To know the difference it is important to know both definitions.


It is an illusory or hallucinatory sensation of the movement of objects around us or of our own body. It is a spinning sensation. It is usually due to disorders in the vestibular system, the inner ear, the cerebral cortex or the brainstem.

There are two types of vertigo, central and peripheral. The peripheral occurs due to a problem in the inner ear, in the part that controls balance (vestibular labyrinth or semicircular canals) It can be caused by:

  • Postural vertigo.
  • Inflammation of the vestibular nerve.
  • Meniere’s disease.
  • Pressure on the vestibular nerve.

Central vertigo is caused by a problem in the brain, especially the brainstem or cerebellum. It can be caused by:

  • Vascular disease.
  • Migraine.
  • Multiple sclerosis.
  • Stroke.


It is a feeling of movement of the body, a sensation that may or may not be stimulated by actual movement. It is accompanied by nausea, lightheadedness, and weakness. It can lead to hyperventilation.

Can be produced:

  • During travel by land, sea or air.
  • Decreased blood pressure.
  • The body is dehydrated.
  • If he is sick.
  • Heart problems Stroke.
  • Shock.

Difference Between Vertigo and Dizziness

  • In vertigo, the person experiences a supposed vivid and real (for them) sensation of movement.
  • Dizziness can be caused by an external movement that alters the balance of our body and other problems that produce a decrease in the supply of oxygen to the brain.

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