Difference Between Valence and Oxidation State

Main difference

The main difference between valence and oxidation state is that valence is the digit of electrons present in the valence shell of an atom while oxidation state is the ability of an atom to lose or gain electrons within it. a compound of one atom…

Valence vs Oxidation State

Valence is the whole number of electrons present in the outermost shell of an atom, while oxidation state is the number of charges gained or lost by an atom. The valence does not indicate the electrical charge on a compound; on the other hand, the oxidation state indicates the charge on a compound atom. The valence determines the number of bonds an atom makes, while the oxidation state does not indicate any type of bond. The valence of the pure element is the number of electrons present in the outermost shell that it gains or loses, while the oxidation state of the pure element is zero due to its neutrality. The valence is used to indicate the number of electrons in the shell of the valance, while the oxidation state is used to indicate the charge on an atom. The valence has no charge indication, while the oxidation state indicates the charge on an atom. The valence of an atom does not change, while the oxidation state can vary depending on the compound. The valence indicates the number of bonds, while the oxidation state does not indicate this behavior.

Comparison chart

Valencia Oxidation state
It is the integer number of electrons present in the outermost shell. It is the number of gain or loss of electrons by an atom within a compound.
electrical charge
Does not indicate the charge The load indicates
link indication
Indicates the number of bonds the atom can make It does not indicate the number of bonds the atom makes.
The behavior of the pure element
The valence of the pure element is its number of electrons present in the outermost shell. The oxidation state of pure elements is zero.
Change of number
The valence number does not change in an atom. The oxidation number of an atom changes depending on its presence in different compounds.
Electronic configuration
Based on individual electronic load configurations is the calculated value
zero value
The valence can never be zero The oxidation state can be zero
Variations
The valence does not change in a compound It can vary in a compound
What is Valencia?

Valence refers to the extreme number of electrons present in the outermost shell of an atom. It is denoted by charge because each atom has its electron in its valance shell. Your number also indicates the number of links you can make with other items to satisfy your load. The valence of pure elements also have some charge due to their presence of electron. The valence of an atom does not change whether the atom forms a bond or not. The valence of an atom is the indication of how much an electron is gained or lost by an atom. Each element of the group has the same valence. The valence is used to determine the electrons of the valance layer. Valence is considered as an electrical charge present in an atom. The valence is the numerical indicator. The electron in the border layer can change or stay the same. The valence of the elements of the noble gases is zero because the noble gases already complete their border layer and stabilize. Valence is the property of an isolated atom. Valence is the number of bonds an atom makes to achieve stability. The valence is based on the electronic configuration of individual charge. The valence can never be zero. For example, the valence of sodium is one and the valence of magnesium is two because they are present in group 1A and 2A.

What is the oxidation state?

It is the maximum number of electrons an atom gains or loses. He is denoted by charge on an atom. The oxidation number does not give information about the various bonds it can form with other elements. The different nature of an atom has a different oxidation number. It is the presence of electric charge on an atom in a different compound. The oxidation number of a pure or neutral element is zero. The oxidation number is the particular number of electron an atom can gain or lose. There are several rules for finding the oxidation number of an element. The element present in different compounds has a different oxidation number like the oxygen atom has an oxidation number of -2 and in peroxides +1 and superoxide, it is indicated by -½. Oxidation number simply refers to the number of electrons an atom gains or loses. It is written at the top right of the symbol with charge. The oxidation state is simply the indication of the electrons that the atom used to stabilize. The oxidation number of an element is the number assigned to the element. The oxidation state is the calculated number in an atom. The oxidation state can be zero. The increase in oxidation number is called oxidation while the decrease in oxidation number is called reduction. The oxidation state is the calculated number in an atom. The oxidation state can be zero. The increase in oxidation number is called oxidation while the decrease in oxidation number is called reduction. The oxidation state is the calculated number in an atom. The oxidation state can be zero. The increase in oxidation number is called oxidation while the decrease in oxidation number is called reduction.

Key differences

  1. The valence is the number of the electron in the valence shell, while the oxidation number is the indication of the maximum number an atom can gain or lose.
  2. The valence is not indicated by a charge; on the other hand, the oxidation state is indicated by an electrical charge.
  3. Valencia tells us the number of links; conversely, the oxidation state does not indicate the number of bonds.
  4. The valence of the pure element is different, which can be any charge; on the other hand, the oxidation state of the pure element is zero.
  5. The valence of an atom does not change, while the oxidation number varies depending on the presence in different compounds.
  6. The valence does not vary in a compound, while the oxidation state of an element varies.
  7. The valence can never be zero, while the oxidation can be zero.
Final Thoughts

The valence is the number of electrons in the valance orbital, while the oxidation state is the electron that gains or loses the capacity of an atom.

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button