Difference between Utopian and Scientific Socialism

Utopian socialism is a political system that tries to enter all areas of society to achieve an economic scheme without inequalities and gain importance in the country. Scientific socialism follows political theories for the achievement of a firm territorial community.


Socialism: Political doctrine tries to obtain equality among the inhabitants of a country through the administration (economic, educational, labor) in the hands of the State in power. Its counterpart is capitalism.

Utopian socialism: It is a political scheme that seeks social equality, the labor participation of all people in society, integrating artisans, builders, manufacturers, young people, and professionals, for the firm base of the economy in the country, obtaining a active community and not patient.

Scientific socialism: It is administered by scientific theories in which there are rules or patterns to follow, to have a stable society. In this type of socialism the inclusion of all sectors is not attempted, its goal is commercial development and the collaboration of political leaders.

Difference Between Utopian and Scientific Socialism

The objectives pursued by both are highlighted, as one is the predecessor of social equality (utopian), and in the case of scientific socialism, protect the class struggle for effective economic and political development. Also, they have other differences:

  • Utopian socialism is not based on materialism, rather, on the active participation of the country’s inhabitants for the sustenance and banking evolution and to differentiate the intelligentsia from its inhabitants.
  • Scientific socialism is based on materialism, since it attempts through political strategies commercial growth for the payment of foreign taxes owed by the country, without taking into account the reality or abilities of its inhabitants.
  • In utopian socialism, the State does not have a leading role due to its economic stabilization that the country will acquire, which will be produced from the work of its artisans, from natural items and from the reduction of leisure among young people.
  • Scientific socialism allows class inequality, since, depending on the job opportunities that a specific area can acquire, the bourgeoisie will develop, while the growth of passive people will allow scarcity.
  • Utopian socialism generates equal opportunities for all inhabitants, even when work experiences or student knowledge are not obtained. The end of this socialism is the active intervention of the people.


Examples of utopian and scientific socialism

  • A utopian society is one in which each resident is responsible for their work. There is a massification of exclusive shops, the profits are for their owners and no taxes will have to be paid to the State to cover foreign debts.
  • A society governed by the scientific method will have to follow political and protocol models in which, to acquire a job, specific knowledge or skills will be needed.
  • The State will pay foreign debts through the sum of taxes that the rest of the areas have to cancel. There will be private and public businesses, in the case of the latter the government will negotiate all departments, such as salaries.

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