Society

Difference Between Urban Sociology and Rural Sociology

Sociology has its origin since very remote times, this is a science that aims to study, analyze and prevent social events. In the same way, it is in charge of the study of the social dynamics of the different peoples of the world and their forms of organization. In this sense, there are two branches of sociology, very interrelated, which are urban sociology and rural sociology, which despite sharing many elements in terms of the elements studied, present notable differences in attention to the environment under study of the themselves.

That is why in this article, we will point out the definitions of terms and then present the basic differences that exist between these two branches of sociology for better understanding.

Urban sociology

Urban sociology is a branch of sociology that deals with the study of social life and human interaction in urban areas, that is, in populated areas with a large population concentration such as cities and metropolises. It is a discipline that seeks to study the formation processes of urban areas and the changes that occur in them from the social point of view. This contributes to the design of policies in educational, social, economic and service matters for social development.

Urban sociology, in short, has as its objective the maximum social development of cities, based on the knowledge and interpretation of the social phenomena that occur in them.

rural sociology

Rural sociology is a branch of sociology that deals with the study of social life and human interaction in non-urban areas, that is, in rural areas, where there are no housing conglomerates but rather, distant human settlements that they are dedicated mostly to the development of activities typical of the primary sector such as agriculture, livestock, among others.

It is a discipline that seeks to study the social phenomena that occur in these areas, in order to generate proposals that lead to the maximum social development of the inhabitants based on the knowledge and interpretation of the ways of life and the changes in social matters that take place in them. present.

As can be seen, sociology has different branches, in this case, this article focuses on the explanation of urban sociology and rural sociology as sciences that study the social phenomena that occur in urban and rural areas. In this sense, there are important differences between them, which are indicated below:

Urban sociology rural sociology
Urban sociology studies the social phenomena that occur in cities and metropolises. Rural sociology deals with the study of social phenomena that occur in rural areas.
Urban sociology refers to the study of the human behavior of people who live in cities and metropolises. Rural sociology refers to the study of the human behavior of people who live distant from large cities.
The field of action of urban sociology is delimited by the urban space, that is, by the city as such. The radius of action of rural sociology is broader, since it includes all the space outside the big cities.

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