The United Kingdom is a sovereign and island country that belongs to the European Union. Its territory is geographically formed by the island of Great Britain, the northeast of the island of Ireland and small adjacent islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of this country with a land border, which separates it from the Republic of Ireland.
Great Britain, for its part, is bordered to the north and west by the Atlantic Ocean, to the east by the North Sea, to the south by the English Channel and to the west by the Irish Sea. It is a unitary state made up of four nations: Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland. Its government is a parliamentary system with three devolved administrations in the capitals of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast, respectively.
The United Kingdom has fourteen overseas territories, all of them vestiges of what was the British Empire, which in its international territory reached and covered nearly a fifth of the world’s land surface. Elizabeth II continues to be at the head of the Commonwealth of Nations and as head of state of each of the Kingdoms of the Commonwealth.
It is one of the four nations that make up the United Kingdom. Its territory is formed by the southern and central part of Great Britain, an island that also contains Scotland and Wales and about 100 small islands known as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight. It is bordered to the north by Scotland and to the west by Wales, to the southwest by the Celtic Sea, to the northwest by the Irish Sea, to the east by the North Sea and to the south by the English Channel.
This country takes its name from the Angles, one of the Germanic peoples who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries. England was inhabited by various cultures and became a unified state in 927.
It is the largest island in the British Isles archipelago. It is the largest island in Europe and the third most populous on the planet. In its territory there are three nations: England, Wales and Scotland. The name comes from the Latin Britannia, a term used by the Romans to name a province that corresponded to the south of Scotland, England and Wales.
Its political organization is complex, since it is made up of three countries, but it does not include Northern Ireland, a member country of the United Kingdom, but it does include smaller islands such as the Isle of Wight, the Isles of Scilly, Anglesey, the Hebrides and the Orkney and Shetland island groups.
Difference between UK, England and Great Britain
It is essential to know the differences between the United Kingdom, England and Great Britain, they are different territorial and political concepts to take into account. Keep in mind that for a Scotsman to be called English is a matter of offense (because he comes from Scotland and not from England) and for an Irishman to be called British (because he does not come from the island of Great Britain)
- The United Kingdom is made up of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
- Great Britain is an island that includes England, Scotland, and Wales.
- England is one of the four countries that make up the United Kingdom and is located in Great Britain.
- The inhabitants of Great Britain are known as Britons.
- The inhabitants of England are known as English.