Zoology

Difference between Tuna and Bonito

Tuna is one of the most popular fish in the world. This is due in large part to the boom in Japanese cuisine in the world, since it is sold (canned) as a food that is easy and quick to prepare. In addition, it is a nutritious fish with a good flavor. It is often confused with the beautiful, however the latter is not even a type of tuna. This is the striped fish, a fish that is also popular, although to a much lesser extent. It is worth mentioning that the striped fish, also known as bonito, is often confused with the Atlantic bonito (sarda sarda), a sport fishing fish that is found throughout the Atlantic Ocean and is very popular in the kitchen. Spanish. In any case, to avoid further confusion or pay prices that do not correspond to what is being purchased, it is good to know the difference between the two.

Comparison table

Tuna
(Tuna) Bonito
Scientific name Thunnus Katsuwonus pelamis
Other names When it comes to young tuna they are called cordilas.
There are many species of tuna, such as yellowfin tuna, albacore tuna, bluefin tuna, blackfin tuna, among others.
Although it is known as bonito tuna, it does not belong to the tuna. His name in fact is List.
Not to be confused with the Atlantic Bonito (sarda sarda).
Geographic location Tunas can be found basically all over the world. Mainly in the Atlantic, Pacific, Oceanic and Indian. The bonito inhabits the surface waters of tropical and temperate seas around the world, with the exception of the Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
Characteristics Tuna are wide fish with rounded bodies. Its back is blue (in its darkest shades) and its belly ranges from the lightest to the darkest silver. Adults do not have distinctive spots or lines. It measures between 3 and 8 meters and weighs between 400 and 900 kilos. It is believed that they can live up to 15 years. On the other hand, bonito is a robust fish. Its coloration is intense blue on the torso and with the sides and belly silver. As a distinctive sign, it has between 4 and 6 black lines that run along its entire body. They are smaller than tuna. They measure up to 1.2 meters and weigh 35 kilos.
Sport fishing Tuna is not the most popular fish in sport fishing, however there are fishermen with a predilection for tuna. It is considered somewhat unconventional, a type of specialized fishing. The same goes for pretty. Contrary to the Atlantic bonito, which is very popular in sport fishing.
I eat food Tuna is a very versatile fish, which is why it is popular in many regional cuisines, such as Japanese and Spanish. Tuna is considered a blue fish (fish that have more than 5% intramuscular fat, are high in Omega 3 and other polyunsaturated fatty acids). 

Despite the many benefits that tuna brings to human nutrition, there is a risk: tuna can have high levels of mercury and histamine. To reduce these risks, it is advisable to properly store and freeze tuna and reduce consumption of bluefin tuna.

Bonito is a fish with a very good flavor. Due to this it is a very popular fish in some countries, the main one being Japan. Bonito in Japanese gastronomy occupies a very important place.  

This can be eaten both raw and cooked, and is eaten from its meat to its viscera. Its meat is red and is used to prepare pastes ( shiokara ), broths ( dashi ) or the famous katsuo no tataki , a dish in which fillets of this fish are quickly passed through fire and is accompanied by various vegetables.

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