What is the difference between the United States and Mexico

The United States, on the one hand, is recognized worldwide as a capitalist economic, technological, cultural and military power. In addition, it is one of the countries with the greatest ethnic diversity, its multiculturalism being the consequence of large migratory movements that have taken place since the founding of the country.

On the other hand, Mexico is one of the main tourist destinations in the world. This is largely due to the fact that it is the country with the most cultural and natural sites declared World Heritage by UNESCO in America (and the 6th worldwide). Likewise, Mexico is one of the 17 countries considered megadiverse, with between 10 and 12% of the world’s biodiversity and around 12,000 endemic species.

Comparison chart

United States
Official name United States of America United States of Mexico
Official language English (although at the federal level there is no established official language). Spanish and 67 different indigenous languages.
declaration of independence July 4, 1776 of the Kingdom of Great Britain. September 16, 1810 from Spain.
Population 324,289,210 million inhabitants (2016) 123,982,528 (2018)
Surface 9,147,593 km2. The United States is the fourth country with the largest land area. 1,964,375 km2, which places it as the fourteenth country with the largest land area.
Capital Washington D.C. Mexico City
Coin US dollar (USD) Mexican peso (MXN)
Type of government Consitutional federal republic Federal Presidential Republic
current president donald trump Enrique Pena Nieto
Borders To the north, the United States borders Canada and to the south, Mexico. Mexico limits to the north with the United States and to the south with Guatemala and Belize.
GDP (per capita) PPP $62,507 $20,028
native ethnic groups Native American Indians were the first settlers in the United States. Currently they barely represent .8% of the total population. Some of these are the Cherokee, Apache, Navajo, Sioux, among others. On the other hand, in Mexico there are currently more than 70 ethnic groups, among which are the Mayans, Nahuas, Tarahumaras, Huicholes, Otomi, Mazahuas, Purépechas, Zapotecs, etc. These groups represent between 10 and 15% of the total population.
Traditional food Among those considered typical foods of this country are barbecues, French fries, hamburgers, hot dogs and fried chicken, among others. Numerous variations of Italian, Mexican, and Asian food are also popular. Tacos, enchiladas, tortas ahogadas, chiles en nogada, chiles rellenos, tamales, quesadillas, mole, pozole, barbecue, carnitas, kid, flautas, pambazos, etc. Mexican gastronomy is considered Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO.

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