Society

Differences between the Renaissance and the Baroque

First of all, art can be defined as any activity or product carried out with an aesthetic and communicative purpose through which ideas, emotions or feelings are expressed through various resources, such as plastic, linguistic, sound, body and mixed. Throughout the evolution of humanity, art has represented the way in which various civilizations have understood the world and humanity, which is why it has been an essential element in the development and evolution of man.

Thus, art has also been determined by the social, political, economic and cultural changes that have occurred at different times in the evolution of man, for which its artistic expressions are an unequivocal sign of the process of social development. In this sense, below we will define two cultural and artistic periods of great importance: the Renaissance and the Baroque.

Renaissance

Renaissance is known as a cultural movement that occurred in Western Europe during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries as a product of the dissemination of the ideas of humanism, which determined a new conception of man and the world, evidenced in artistic expressions, sciences natural and human, as well as a new approach in the political, economic and philosophical fields.

In this sense, the greatest expression of the Renaissance was the arts, specifically painting, which was characterized by the predominance of the line, the search for artificial perspective, great balance in ordered compositions and the clear organization of figures in space. Likewise, the predominant theme was love and idealized style, where perfect heroes and beautiful maidens full of virtues predominated.

On the other hand, the Renaissance gave great importance to nature, imposing serenity in his works. Also, symmetry and proportion are maintained, for which too many details were not used, and it also seeks its inspiration in trust in nature and man, with an optimistic conception of man.

Baroque

Baroque is known as a period of history in Western culture originated by a new way of conceiving art. It developed throughout the 17th and early 18th centuries as a product of a society in crisis and decline due to wars, religious confrontations, the reform and the counter-reformation (religious movements that represented great changes with an impact on the social, political and the cultural).

Thus, the greatest expression of the baroque was the arts, specifically painting, sculpture and architecture, which were characterized by the predominance of color as the defining object, interest in the anecdotal and the everyday, as well as compositions with movement. The predominant theme was death, pain, royal style and even crude.

Finally, the baroque gave great importance to death and spiritual themes, imposing passion in his works. He looked for his inspiration in the distrust in nature and the man was presented with a pessimistic conception of life.

Once the pertinent definitions have been presented, we can highlight the following differences:

  • The Renaissance developed during the 15th and 16th centuries while the Baroque developed during the 17th century.
  • The Renaissance was characterized by the predominance of the line and the search for artificial perspective, while the Baroque was characterized by the predominance of color as the definer of objects and an interest in the anecdotal and the everyday.
  • In the Renaissance the predominant theme was love while in the Baroque the predominant theme was death and pain.
  • The Renaissance sought its inspiration in trust in nature and man with an optimistic conception of man while the Baroque sought its inspiration in distrust in nature and man was perceived with a pessimistic conception of life.

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