Artificial intelligence is the ability of machines to perform tasks that normal human beings do. They may not be able to perform all of these activities correctly, but they can get close to them with the help of the conditions that are set for them. This is an important field in computer science and can be divided into two terms, Strong Artificial Intelligence and Weak Artificial Intelligence. These terms have nothing to do with being physically strong and weak. There are stark differences between these two types which will be explained later. Human beings have not been able to figure out how the body actually works, and different methodologies are being used to find solutions to different problems and these two terms are an important part of it. Strong artificial intelligence can be defined as a phenomenon under which machines can be built that can actually use human intelligence in their functions. Another way to describe them will be those machines that are capable of representing the human mind in the activities they carry out. Weak artificial intelligence is the phenomenon that machines that are not too intelligent to do their own work can be built in such a way that they appear intelligent. Both terms are difficult to understand for a person who does not have enough knowledge of this topic. There are no examples of strong AI because they are in the early stage. The best example to express the weak AI will be the card game on a computer where people play against the computer and most of the time the computer is able to beat the human. But this is because all the information and steps have been entered into that machine by a human being and it does not perform all the actions on its own. There are also many other differences between these two which will be explained at the end, but an explanation of these two types is given in the following two paragraphs.
|strong AI||weak AI|
|The machine can actually think and perform tasks on its own like a human being.||The devices can’t do these things on their own, but they’re designed to look smart.|
|An algorithm is stored by a computer program.||Tasks are manually entered to be performed.|
|There are no adequate examples of strong AI.||An automatic car or remote control devices.|
|initial stage||advanced stage|
Definition of weak AI
This type of intelligence has been used in different machines for a long time, and therefore it is a proven field, and a lot of development is being done on it to improve it further. It has applications in the area of computer games where a person plays with a computer without knowing that it is not the computer that is playing with them, but in reality, someone else has added those moves with the help of an algorithm. It is based on the theory that instead of waiting for machines to become humans, we should ask them to perform complicated tasks with the help of information and see the results. This is more used by engineers and different companies that require robots to perform a particular task. Like picking up and placing items on the belt. In the same way,
Definition of strong AI
This is the newest type of artificial intelligence that makes use of the human mind and tries to perform activities on its own without outside help. The main objective of this technology is to develop both machines that stop depending on humans to perform different tasks and can make decisions on the spot. This is only in the initial stage, and there is a long way to go before such machines can be used, but research is being done on this. Currently, there are no specific examples of Strong Artificial Intelligence, but one area that makes use of this technology is chatbots that talk to humans. Different applications provide this function,
Differences in a nutshell
- In Strong Artificial Intelligence, the machine can think and perform tasks on its own like a human being. In Weak Artificial Intelligence, devices cannot perform these tasks on their own, but are designed to appear intelligent.
- An algorithm is stored in Strong AI to help them act in different situations, but in Weak AI all actions are entered by a human.
- There are no proper examples of strong AI as it is still in the early stage, but there are several examples of weak AI as it has been done multiple times.
- In Strong AI, the machine has a mind of its own and can make decisions, but in Weak AI, the machine can only simulate human behavior.
- Active AI technology is more about making the device look real, but weak AI technology is about making the machine perform the pre-planned activities properly.
- Researchers focus more on Strong Artificial Intelligence, while the focus on Weak Artificial Intelligence comes from engineers who want them to do different activities.
Artificial intelligence is the way forward for human beings and therefore it is important to have an idea of how things can be simplified so that people understand how they work. This article has focused on the main points that will help a normal person to understand the topics well.