Chemistry

Difference Between Standardization and Titration

Main difference

The main difference between standardization and titration is that standardization is the process that uses primary standard solutions while titration is the process that does not use the primary standard solutions.

Standardization vs. Valuation

Standardization is a procedure used to find the exact concentration of a solution, while titration is the method used to measure the concentration of a certain chemical component in a given solution. A solution that is ready for further analysis, standardization is used to find the exact concentration of that solution, while titration is used to find the unknown concentration of a chemical component in a given sample. The burette is occupied with a primary standard solution for standardization; on the other hand, the burette is filled with a primary standard solution or with any other standard solution for titration. The solution to be standardized is introduced into the titration flask for the standardization process; on the contrary,

Comparison chart

Standardization Assessment
A procedure used to find the exact concentration of a solution is known as standardization. The method used to measure the concentration of a certain unknown chemical component in a given solution is known as titration.
Request
A solution that is set for another analysis, standardization is used to find the exact concentration of that solution. It is used to find the unknown concentration of a chemical component in a given sample.
Solution in Burette
The burette is occupied with a primary standard solution for standardization. The burette is filled with primary standard solution or any other standard solution for titration.
The solution in titration flask
The solution to be standardized is introduced into the titration flask for the standardization process. The solution having the chemical component with unknown concentration is taken for the titration method.

What is standardization?

Standardization is the process of increasing and implementing technical standards and discovering the exact concentration of a solution. Titration is also the most widely used technique for standardizing a solution. A normal solution is required as a reference for a standardization process. The two types of standard solution are the primary standard solution and the secondary standard solution. We use primary standard solutions for precise standardizations because these solutions are of high purity. Using a solid chemical compound, when we make a solution, the final concentration of that solution can vary depending on various factors such as instrumental errors, purity of the compound, human error, etc. Standard measures and weights were developed by the Indus Valley Civilization. .

For example, if we want to prepare a 1.0molL-1 solution of EDTA, we weigh the appropriate amount of solution and dissolve it in an appropriate amount of water. The required weight of the solution can be calculated using the data given on the bottle label. But it may not give the exact concentration. Consequently, after solution preparation, it must be standardized to find the exact concentration of the solution prepared using a primary standard solution.

What is the degree?

Titration is a common process at the quantitative chemical analysis test site to control the concentration of an identified analyte. A reagent called a titrant or titrant is prepared as a standard solution of known volume and concentration. Titration is the method used to measure the concentration of a given chemical component in a given solution. This method is performed using a solution that has a known concentration. The titration is performed on the specific apparatus. The apparatus consists of a burette that is usually filled with a known concentration of a standard solution. The titration flask is filled with a sample of unknown concentration that has the chemical component. We must add an appropriate indicator to the sample in the titration flask if the standardized solution cannot act as an autoindicator in the burette. After this, the standardized solution is slowly added to the flask until a color change is observed in the solution. This color change in the burette indicates the end point of the solution. Although it is not the exact point where the titration ends, we can take it as the equivalence point because there is only a small difference. Subsequently, the burette reading can be used to find the amount of standard solution that reacted with the present sample. Then, using stoichiometric relationships and chemical reactions, the concentration of an unknown can be determined. Although it is not the exact point at which the degree ends, we can take it as the equivalence point because there is only a small difference. Subsequently, the burette reading can be used to find the amount of standard solution that reacted with the present sample. Then, using stoichiometric relationships and chemical reactions, the concentration of an unknown can be determined. Although it is not the exact point where the titration ends, we can take it as the equivalence point because there is only a small difference. Subsequently, the burette reading can be used to find the amount of standard solution that reacted with the present sample. Then, using stoichiometric relationships and chemical reactions, the concentration of an unknown can be determined.

Key differences

  1. Standardization is used to find the exact concentration of a solution, while titration is used to measure the concentration of an unknown component in a given solution.
  2. A solution that is set for another analysis, standardization is used to find the exact concentration of that solution, while titration is used to find the unknown concentration of a chemical component in a given sample.
  3. In standardization, the burette is filled with a primary standard solution; on the other hand, in titration, the burette is filled with a primary standard solution or with any other standard solution.
  4. The solution to be standardized is introduced into the titration flask for the standardization process; on the contrary, the solution having the chemical component with unknown concentration is taken for the titration method.

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