Education

Difference Between Sex and Gender

Core difference

The terms “sex” and “gender” are used interchangeably in everyday life, but they do not have the same or nearly the same meaning. Actually, the term ‘sex’ refers to the biological and physical difference between men and women, while the term ‘gender’ refers to characteristics, behaviors, roles, expectations, etc. Between both.

What is sex?

As described above, the term “sex” refers to the biological and physical differences between men and women, including breasts, penis, vagina, testicles, hormones, chromosomes, morphology, etc. Sex is something natural that is determined after almost 6 weeks. pregnancy, as recent research attests. It is basically a biological characteristic. The word sex means ‘division’ or ‘section’ while in ‘Latin’ it means ‘six’.

Examples of gender-related differences or characteristics:

  • Males have testicles, females do not.
  • Females have breasts, males don’t.
  • The female baby tends to weigh less than the male baby
  • Females can get pregnant, males cannot.
  • Males are more likely to have a mustache than females
  • Males have deeper voices than females
  • Males have penises, while females do not.

What is gender?

Gender refers to characteristics, roles, behaviors, expectations, etc. between men and women on the basis of social norms and customs. It means how a man or a woman will behave, react, expect in a particular way and in a particular culture or society. It is generally learned culturally and is vulnerable to change over time and because of the knowledge and experiences gained by people of a particular sex. This is why gender is sometimes called “the sex of the brain.”

Examples of gender-related differences or characteristics:
  • Women do more housework than men.
  • Professions like nursing are said to be more suitable for women than men
  • Almost 120 years ago, women were not allowed to vote.
  • In the most Islamicized countries, women have to cover most of their body, while men do not.

Key differences

  • Sex remains the same across different cultures, while gender varies accordingly.
  • Sex is very difficult to change, while gender, on the other hand, can be changed as determined by society.
  • Sex is biologically constructed and gender is socially constructed.
  • Sex is male or female or any other biological difference, while gender is male or female or transgender.

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