Medicine

Difference Between Sanitation and Hygiene

Main difference

Without a doubt, these two words are the path to health and cleanliness, although they cannot even be used interchangeably as they may have some serious differences, which can easily be pointed out by a healthy mind within a healthy body. Hygiene is related to the preservation of health, most of the time it is synonymous with ‘personal hygiene’ by cleaning our body, washing our hands and so on. Whereas, sanitation is related to the disposal of human waste in a proper way, so that it does not create any obstacle in the healthy life of human beings.

What is sanitation?

Sanitation has become one of the fastest growing health threats as the population is increasing tremendously and follows from the conclusions that sanitation problems are directly proportional to population, if the population increases, the Sanitation problem can automatically increase and areas with less population can have adequate sanitation. Different well-known health organizations are of the opinion that better infrastructure will ensure good sanitation which will make humans get rid of many diseases like allergies, fever, malaria, etc.

What is hygiene?

Although, hygiene is not just a term about “personal hygiene”, as it has a huge impact on one’s life and is comprehensively about health and cleanliness strategies. The reason why personal hygiene has become a famous term is that in today’s hectic life, people did not pay attention to their self-cleaning, which weakens the immunity, and then the disease vigorously adheres to another. Personal hygiene includes brushing teeth, washing hands, and even taking care of sensitive body parts.

Key differences
  1. Hygiene as an elaborate or collective term is about maintaining a healthy atmosphere and environment, even with this hygiene it is not directly about sanitation. As sanitation is specifically about the disposal of human faeces and for this purpose gutters and a proper sewage system are used.
  2. Brushing your teeth is an example of hygiene, while disposing of sewage water is about sanitation.
  3. Hygiene focuses primarily on the atmosphere you create yourself, while for sanitation purposes, the assigned officials are lined up to make sure the sewage system is better.
  4. Food that is made in a healthy environment is a hygienic environment, while the disposal of waste food is a hygienic process.
  5. Culture plays a critical role in ensuring personal hygiene, while sanitation is simply about following the trend and ongoing facilities provided to you at the time.

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