Difference Between Rural and Urban Landscape

Human settlements can be classified into rural and urban spaces, the latter referring to small and large cities, generally, capitals of countries and nations or capitals of states and departments. Rural and urban landscapes or spaces, however, are populated areas but have certain characteristics that define the type of landscape and differentiate them from each other.

In this article we present the definition of rural landscape and urban landscape with the intention that readers know the most outstanding characteristics of each of them and differentiate them.

Rural landscape

The rural landscape is characterized by having few dwellings, which are arranged in small groups, frequently around small commercial areas where places for the provision of basic services such as education, health and food sales are concentrated.

In many cases, especially in areas dedicated to agriculture and livestock, rural areas lack these commercial areas and the houses are located at a great distance from each other and the inhabitants must move to more populated areas to obtain supplies and make use of services. such as health and education.

Rural landscapes are located on the outskirts of large population centers and have little use of technologies, typical of large cities such as telecommunications, radio spectrum, satellite or fiber television, among others. Flora and fauna are more extensive in rural landscapes and the main function of the rural landscape is the progressive development of the primary sector, specifically agricultural, agribusiness, extractive, forestry and/or environmental conservation activities.

For the most part, rural landscapes do not have avenues or paved streets, so their inhabitants move by means such as horses, bicycles, motorcycles or four-wheel drive vehicles.

urban landscape

The urban landscape is characterized by having conglomerates of medium or large-sized housing that revolve around large areas or commercial areas where institutions that provide public and private services such as education, health, electricity, telecommunications, among other.

Urban landscapes are subdivided into cities and metropolises, cities are housing conglomerates around a commercial axis and metropolises are large cities, usually capitals of countries, states or departments.

Both in cities and in metropolises, the streets and avenues are duly paved, so the most common use for the transfer of people is through private or public vehicles as well as trams or aerial and underground trains.

One of the main characteristics of urban landscapes is the presence of multi-family dwellings, such as multi-story buildings and, in some cases, skyscrapers designed to make the best use of space within the city. The flora and fauna in urban landscapes are limited and are mostly preserved in small areas such as squares, parks or reserves.

As previously mentioned, we can highlight the differences between urban and rural landscapes, which we will break down in the following table:

Rural landscape urban landscape
The dwellings are distant from each other or form small groups. They present large conglomerates of houses.
Basic services are limited or non-existent. Basic services are broader.
It lacks paved streets and avenues. They have duly paved streets and avenues.
Abundant flora and fauna. Reduced flora and fauna.
The houses are single-family. The houses are multi-family.

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