Difference between Root System and Shoot System

Main difference

The main difference between the root system and the shoot system is that the root system is the part of the plant that contains tubers, roots and adventitious plant rhizoids, while the shoot system is the part of the plants that contains areal parts like flower buds. , flowers, leaves and fruits of the plant.

Root system vs. trigger system

The root system refers to the part of the plant that absorbs water and minerals from the soil, while the shoot system refers to the part of the plant that is aerial and erects part of the plant’s body. The root system is present below the ground while the shoot system is present above the ground. The root system develops in the soil; on the other hand, the firing system develops upwards. The root system is made up of tubers, roots, and rhizomes; on the contrary, the bud system is composed of buds, flowers, leaves and fruits. The main function performed by the root system is to absorb minerals and water from the soil while holding the plant in the ground; conversely, the main functions performed by the firing system are transport, reproduction and photosynthesis. The root system does not photosynthesize, while the shoot system does photosynthesis. Sexual reproduction does not suffer in the root system, while through the flowers, the bud system undergoes sexual reproduction. In the root system, its fragments cannot use as wood, while in the shoot system, its fragments mostly can use as wood.

Comparative chart

Root system Launch system
The reference to the part of the plant that generally grows underground, absorbing water and minerals from the soil is called the root system. The aerial, erect part of the plant body that grows upward is called the shoot system.
Position relative to the ground
Present underground Present on the ground
Growth pattern
On the floor Unfolds upward
Compound
Tubers, roots and rhizomes Buds, flowers, leaves and fruits.
Principal function
To fascinate the water and minerals of the soil while supporting the plant in the ground and storing food. Transport, reproduction and photosynthesis and drives minerals up and down in plant parts.
Photosynthesis
Does not produce photosynthesis Produce photosynthesis
Sexual reproduction
It does not reproduce by sexual reproduction. Reproduce through sexual reproduction.
Wood
Shards cannot be used as wood All of its fragments can be used as wood.
What is the root system?

The reference to the part of the plant that generally grows underground, absorbing water and minerals from the soil is called the root system. It symbolizes the underground portions of the plant that are tubers, roots, and rhizoids. The root system is present below the ground. The root system does not perform photosynthesis or sexual reproduction. Some important functions of the root system are the closure of the plant body with the soil, the storage of food, the absorption of water and minerals, and the prevention of soil erosion.

Parts of the root system

  • Root: The root is an important part of the root system. Two main types of root system depending on the type of plant are:
  • Touch Roots present in dicots
  • Fibrous roots present in monocots
  • Tubers: They are fleshy and enlarged underground stems that consist of buds capable of producing new plants.
  • Rhizoids: Rhizoids are the parallel stem of the plant from which the adventitious roots are produced.

What is Shoot System?

The aerial, erect part of the plant body that grows upward is called the shoot system. It refers to the parts or components of the plant’s body that grow above the ground. It includes leaves, stems, seeds, fruits, flowers, and buds. The main functions performed by the trigger system are transport, reproduction, and photosynthesis. In the filming system, its parts can be used as wood. The sprouts are usually consumed by animals due to the presence of fibers much softer and easier for these animals to digest and chew.

Firing system parts

  • Stem: The stem is the main part of the shoot system, since it is the one that provides an axis for the leaves, fruits and shoots. The stem fully strengthens the plant while directing nutrients and water throughout the plant. Two types of plant stem are: The herbaceous stem is a flexible stem; The woody stem is tough and does not bend easily;
  • Leaves: the photosynthetic parts of the plant are leaves. The cells present in the leaf contain chlorophyll that captures sunlight and is the source of energy for the production of glucose.
  • Flower: In angiosperms, this part of the flower helps in sexual reproduction.
  • Seed: they are the main reproductive parts of the plant structure that are produced by both angiosperms and gymnosperms.
  • Fruit: Generally it is composed of seeds within its structure.
  • Bud: The bud turns into a flower or leaf and only occurs in dicots.
Key differences
  1. The root system refers to the part of the plant that absorbs water and minerals from the soil, while the shoot system refers to the part of the plant that is aerial and erects part of the plant’s body.
  2. The root system is present below the ground while the shoot system is present above the ground.
  3. The root system develops in the soil; on the other hand, the firing system is developed upwards.
  4. The root system is mainly made up of plant parts such as tubers, roots, and rhizomes; on the contrary, the bud system consists mainly of aerial parts of plants such as buds, flowers, leaves and fruits.
  5. The main and specific function that the root system performs is to obtain minerals and water from the soil while giving strength to the plant in the soil; conversely, the main and specific functions of the filming system are transport, reproduction and photosynthesis.
  6. The root system does not photosynthesize, while the shoot system photosynthesizes.
  7. Sexual reproduction does not suffer in the root system, while through the flowers, the bud system undergoes sexual reproduction.
  8. In the root system, its fragments cannot be used as wood, while in the shoot system, its various fragments can be used as wood.
  9. The root system retrieves nutrients from the soil and stores food, while the shoot system conducts minerals up and down in plant parts.
Final Thought

The above discussion concludes that the root system consists of the plant’s tubers, roots, and rhizoids, while the shoot system consists of the plant’s buds, flowers, leaves, and fruits.

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