Rights and obligations

Rights are benefits to people and generally must be provided by the State. Obligations are the commitments that citizens have in the exercise of their rights, since there are no rights without responsibilities and vice versa.

Both are a group of rules formed to promote social coexistence and relationships between citizens and institutions. The difference between rights and obligations is that the rights seek benefits from the State towards the citizens and the obligations assign responsibilities of the citizens towards the State and the laws.


They are provisions that people have to enjoy different freedoms that must be provided by the State.

The rights of citizens are established in the constitution of each country and therefore may vary. However, all citizen rights are based on Human Rights, a series of universal postulates created by the United Nations Organization in 1948.

Here are the most fundamental human rights:

Right to life

All people have the right to life, and this right will materialize in different ways according to the laws of each country.

It involves legal mechanisms, protection against diseases through public health mechanisms, medical care for pregnant women, social measures for the protection of people and infants in vulnerable situations, among others.

Right to freedom of expression

Everyone has the right to express their opinions and ideas freely, as long as the expression of this right does not violate the rights of others, they are not defamed or their private life or reputation is exposed.

Right to free association

Every citizen has the right to associate freely with third parties, as long as it is done legally, respecting the specific rules of each country for these cases.

Education rights

All people have the right to have access to the educational system. To this end, each State must ensure the pertinent means to achieve it, understanding that this right is expressed in the incorporation of citizens to free and compulsory primary education, accessible secondary education and impartial higher education.

Right to health

It is given in the obligation of the States to ensure a free and quality public health system for their citizens, and that they can have access without distinction.

Right to vote

The cares have the right to universal and secret vote to choose their rulers, either in local or national instances.

Right to free movement

Everyone has the right to travel freely in the territory from which they originate and can travel to other territories as long as they comply with the legal provisions in force in the countries where they travel.

Right to work

States must promote measures that stimulate the activation of the economy through the creation of jobs.

Right to housing

Every person has the right to decent housing that provides the basic conditions for their bio-psycho-social development.

Right to private property

People have the right to acquire properties in their name, whether as natural or legal persons, as long as it is done within the legal framework of each country.


They are different responsibilities that must be fulfilled by citizens, and in many cases their non-compliance carries legal sanctions. Citizen obligations are altered according to the constitution of each country, below we present several active legislations:

Uphold the constitution and laws

All citizens must respect and defend the constitution of their country and support social coexistence by abiding by the corresponding laws.

Defend the territory in case of armed conflict

In different countries, it is mandatory to perform military service, as well as citizen participation in cases that warrant military action, after calling the corresponding authorities, such as attacks on sovereignty or national territory.

provide civil service

It is related to the participation of citizens in civil or military activities in cases of natural disasters, situations of social upheaval.

Promote peace and social coexistence

Citizens are obliged to cause a harmonious social coexistence by complying with the laws and also of all those actions established by legal mechanisms that contribute to citizen peace.

Actively participate in the community

Citizens are expected to have an active participation in the construction of peace and social progress through multiple channels established by each country.

Paying taxes

This payment is necessary to finance public spending, so in many laws it is an obligation that is rigorously punished if it is not fulfilled.

Rights and obligations

Rights Obligations
Definition These are provisions that allow citizens to enjoy individual freedoms. These are the responsibilities that people have with the State.
Types · Human rights. 

· Citizen rights.

legal instruments · Universal Declaration of Human Rights. 

· The constitution of each country.

The constitution of each country.
examples · Right to life. 

· Right to freedom of expression.

· Right to free association.

· Right to freedom of expression.

· Right to free association.

· Defend the constitution and laws.

· Defend the territory in case of armed conflict.

· Provide civil service.

· Paying taxes.

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