Difference Between Reactants and Products

Main difference

The main difference between reactants and products is that the reactants are the materials that act as starting materials during the chemical reaction while the product is the substance that is formed at the end of the chemical reaction…

Reagents vs Products

A reactant is defined as the chemical that combines during the chemical reaction and forms the new substance; On the other hand, products are the substance that is formed as a result of the combination of reactants. During the reaction, the reactants are apparently consumed in the reaction; on the other hand, the products are produced at the end of the reaction. During the reaction, the number of reactants gradually decreases, while the products are substances that gradually get during the reaction.

In the initial stage of the chemical reaction, the reactants are in excess, but on the other hand, when the reaction starts, the number of products is minimal. In the final stage, the number of reactants is in zero amount, while the number of products is in excess amount. In the final stage, the number of reactants is sometimes present or may not be present, while the number of products is always present.

In reactants, the bonds are usually broken during the chemical reaction to carry out the subsequent reaction; on the contrary, in the case of products, bonds usually form between chemicals at the end of a chemical. In a chemical reaction, the reactants can decrease gradually or instantly when a chemical reaction begins; on the other hand, the number of products can increase slowly or instantly during the reaction.

The reactants are consumed during the chemical reaction while the products are not consumed or used up in the reaction. The reactants of the chemical reaction are usually present on the right side of the arrow; on the other hand, the products are present on the left hand side of the equation.

The reactants are less stable in the reaction, while the products are generally more stable than the reactants in the chemical reaction. In the example of the lit candle, the reactants are the fuel (the candle and the wax) and the oxygen (present in the air); instead, the products in this example are carbon dioxide and water vapor.

Comparison chart

reagents Products
Reagents are the chemical substance that is considered to be the starting material of the chemical reaction. Products are the substance that is produced at the end of the chemical reaction.
Consumption
The number of reactants is consumed during the reaction. The amount of products is not consumed during the reaction.
Concentration
The number of reactants is present in an excess amount, while the number of reactants is less in the final stage of the reaction. The amount of products is less in the initial stage, while it is present in excess amount at the end of the reaction.
Starting
At the beginning of the chemical reaction, the amount of reactants is present in an excessive amount, and the amount of reaction is present almost due to the reactants. At the beginning of the chemical reaction, the amount of reaction due to product is zero.
End
At the end of the chemical reaction, the products are almost at zero concentration. At the end of the chemical reaction, the concentration of products is excessive.
Presence
It is present at the beginning of the chemical reaction. It is present at the end of the chemical reaction.

What are reagents?

Reactants are defined as the chemical substance that combines to give new products. Reagents are the chemicals that start the chemical reaction. When a reaction begins, the amount of reactants begins to decrease.

As the reaction progresses, the number of reactants is changed to a different compound than the product. In the initial stage of the chemical reaction, the amount of reactants is transformed into products very quickly, but at the end of the chemical reaction, the rate of the chemical reaction slows down and then reaches zero.

The number of reactants is consumed during the reaction. The amount of reagent is present in excess. For example, during the water formation reaction, hydrogen and oxygen are initially in the reactant form at present, at the end of the chemical reaction water is formed which is the product of the chemical reaction, but when we reverse the reaction chemistry by When heating, vapors are formed, just like hydrogen and oxygen decompose again, this reaction is carried out under the high temperature of 1500c.

The reactants are present in the different physical states at the beginning of the chemical reaction, but at the end of the chemical reaction, the product was formed with extraordinary and different physical or chemical properties. The physical condition of the reagent at the beginning of the chemical reaction is colorless or colorful, and its reaction turns into colorless or colorless products.

The reactants can be gaseous, liquid or in the vapor state depending on the type of chemical reaction. Let us consider some examples to clarify the concept of reactants. For example, the reaction of acid-base components; In this reaction, the reactants are the acid-base of different physical conditions that produce the different compounds.

What are the products?

The compounds that are formed as a result of the chemical reaction are called products. Products are formed at the end of the chemical reaction. As the reaction progresses, the number of reactants decreases, while the number of products gradually increases.

In the initial stage of the chemical reaction, the number of products is zero, but as the reaction starts, the number of products increases. The amount of products depends on the amount of reactants when the amount of reactants is consumed; the reaction stops.

At the beginning of the chemical reaction, the number of products is formed very quickly, but as the reaction progresses, the number of products that are formed decreases. The products can be ions or molecules. The products can be present in liquid, gaseous or solid form.

The products can be colorless or colored. The physical condition of the products depends on the type of reagents involved in the chemical reaction. Let us consider an example to explain the concept of products. For example, in an acid-base reaction, the product is the result of the acid and base combining, giving rise to the products of salts and water. This reaction can be carried out under normal conditions and normal temperatures.

Key differences

  1. A reactant is defined as the starting material of the chemical reaction, while the product is defined as the element that is formed as a result of the chemical reaction.
  2. Reagents are the substance that causes the chemical reaction to start; on the other hand, products are formed as a result of the combination of the reactants.
  3. The reagents are present in an excess amount at first; on the contrary, the products are present in zero amount.
  4. The reactants are in zero quantity at the end of the chemical reaction on the other side, and the products are present in excess quantity at the end of the chemical reaction.
  5. The reactants of the chemical reaction are usually present on the right side of the arrow; instead, the products are present on the left side of the equation.

Final Thought

Reagents are the substance that initiates a chemical reaction, due to the combination of reactants, the reaction begins; On the other hand, the products are the substance that is formed as a result of the chemical reaction, these are formed as a result of the combination of reactants.

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