Difference between Python and Ruby

Main difference

Python and Ruby are dynamic, object-oriented programming languages. They are quite similar to each other. They differ from each other by their form of execution and also by the syntax. Python compiles code into a virtual machine language more efficiently than Ruby. Python’s syntax makes everything clear and regular as much as possible, while Ruby’s syntax is free and allows you to put multiple statements on the same line and allows you to indent your code. Python only supports one type of anonymous function called lambdas, while Ruby contains Blocks, Procs, and lambdas. In Python, built-ins cannot be modified, but in Ruby you can.

What is Python?

Python is a powerful and dynamic object-oriented programming language. It was designed by Guido van Rossum and developed by the Python Software Foundation. Python’s syntax makes everything clear and regular as much as possible.

What is Ruby?

Ruby is an object-oriented programming language. It was designed and developed by Yukihiro “Matz” Matsumoto in the mid-1990s. Ruby’s syntax is free and allows you to put multiple statements on the same line and allows you to indent your code.

Key differences

  1. Unlike Python, in Ruby strings are mutable.
  2. Blocks are lost in Python but are present in Ruby.
  3. In Python, indentation as an element syntax is different from Ruby.
  4. There are no native regular expressions in Python, but they are present in Ruby.
  5. Some functions like len(), abs() are present in Python but not found in Ruby.
  6. Ruby contains constants but Python does not.
  7. Ruby has the continuations feature, but Python doesn’t.
  8. Python offers multiple inheritance but Ruby does not.
  9. Python was designed by Guido van Rossum and developed by the Python Software Foundation while it was designed and developed by Yukihiro “Matz” Matsumoto.
  10. Python includes the decorators feature but Ruby does not include the decorators feature.
  11. In collection objects, tuples are found in Python but not in Ruby.
  12. In Strings, Heredocs are found in Ruby but not in Python.
  13. Unicode support is not found in Ruby in Strings, but Python does have Unicode support.
  14. Interned and immutable are not found in Ruby but they are in Python.
  15. The Regex literal is not found in Ruby but is found in Python for regular expressions.
  16. Python only supports one type of anonymous function called lambdas, while Ruby contains Blocks, Procs, and lambdas.
  17. In Python, built-ins cannot be modified, but in Ruby you can.
  18. In Ruby there is no way to unset a variable after you have set it once, but in Python you can set and unset it.

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