Difference Between Protonation and Deprotonation

Main difference

The main difference between protonation and deprotonation is that protonation is the addition of a proton in a chemical compound while deprotonation is the removal of a proton from a chemical compound…

Protonation versus deprotonation

Protonation is the chemical process that occurs during chemical reactions in which a proton is added to a chemical compound; On the other hand, deprotonation is the process that occurs during the chemical reaction in which the proton is removed from a chemical compound. Protonation is the increase of +1 charge in an atom, molecule, ion, or compound; On the other hand, deprotonation is the decrease in +1 charge of the atom, ion, molecule, or compound.

The atom, molecule, or compound that participates in protonation is called a base; on the other hand, the atom, molecule, or compound that participates in deprotonation is called an acid. Protonation is the process in which the pH of the chemical compound increases; on the contrary, deprotonation is the process in which the pH of the solution of a chemical compound decreases.

Protonation is the process of addition while deprotonation is the removal or elimination of the process. Protonation is the chemical process in which energy is added in chemical reactions; on the other side; Deprotonation is the chemical process in which energy is released during reactions. In other words, protonation is the addition of H + in the chemical compound; On the other hand, deprotonation is the removal of H + from a chemical compound.

Protonation increases the charge of the atom, ion, or molecule; on the other hand, deprotonation decreases the charge of the ion, atom or molecule. Bases always undergo chemical processes of protonation during acid-base reactions; On the other hand, acids always undergo the chemical processes of deprotonation during acid-base reactions.

Protonation is the chemical process of producing conjugated acids during chemical processes; on the other side; Deprotonation is the chemical process of production of the conjugate base during the chemical process. Protonation always causes the production of water molecules from the hydroxyl groups of the compound in chemical processes; on the other hand, deprotonation always causes the production of hydroxyl molecules from water molecules in chemical processes.

Protonation is a very fast chemical process during organic reactions; on the other hand, deprotonation is a very slow process during organic reactions. Protonation is the chemical process that stimulates the isomerization process, while the chemical process that stimulates the isomerization process. Protonation is the increasing rate of acid character; on the other hand, deprotonation is the increasing rate of basic character.

Comparison chart

protonation deprotonation
Protonation is the addition of a proton to a chemical compound. Deprotonation is the removal of a proton from a chemical compound.
protons
Protons add a compound The protons are removed from the compound.
Load
Increases the +1 charge of the molecule. Decreases the +1 charge of the molecule.
Acidity or basicity rate
basicity rate acidity rate
The pH of the compound
Increases the pH of the compound. Lowers the pH of the compound.
process speed
It’s a quick process It’s a slow process
isomerization process
Stimulates the isomerization process Inhibit the isomerization process
process energy
Add the energy to the reaction. Release the energy of reactions.
Process type
Addition Process removing process
+ ions
Hydrogen ions add to the compound Hydrogen ions are removed from the compound.
Reversibility
It is the reversible process It is the irreversible process
catalytic ability
It has catalytic power It has no catalytic power

What is protonation?

Protonation is the chemical process of adding a proton to chemical compounds during chemical reactions. It is a very fast process. It can form water molecules from hydroxyl molecules. Protonation is the reversible process that increases the charge of the chemical compound at a rate of +1 charge on an atom, ion, molecule, or species.

The pH of the solutions or solvents involved in protonation is very low. Protonation is the rate of basicity or acidity of chemical or organic compounds. Protonation is the addition or endothermic process involved in the isomerization process. It also stimulates the polymerization process.

It has the catalytic power to increase the acidity of reactions that are used in various processes such as addition reactions, nucleophilic, electrophilic, substitution reactions, etc. The protonation process is proportional to the degree of acid character of the substance. It generally involves the formation of water molecules during the process.

Hydrogen ions always accumulate in the chemical compound during the protonation process. It also has its ability to vary the optical characteristics of the molecule. The process of protonation of compounds depends on the acidity of the available acids for solutions or solvents. The protonation process is used to decrease the reactivity of organic molecules. Protonation is generally known as the endothermic process which involves releasing the energy by donating the proton to the chemical species very easily.

The process such as the addition of hydrogen in the ammonia molecule resulting in the formation of ammonium ions, the addition of hydrogen ions in water molecules to produce the hydronium ions, the protonation of hydroxyl ions to form the molecules of water, the addition of hydrogen ions. to alcohols to form hydronium ions in solution, the addition of hydrogen ions to alkenes and alkynes, etc. best explains the term protonation.

What is deprotonation?

Deprotonation is the chemical process of removing protons from chemical compounds during chemical reactions. It is a slow process. This process also has the ability to form hydroxyl ions from water molecules. Deprotonation is the irreversible process that has the ability to decrease the charge of the chemical compound at a rate of +1 charge on an atom, molecule, or ion species.

The pH of the solutions or solvents involved in the deprotonation process is very high. This process does not have the ability to carry out chemical reactions acting as a catalyst. The protonation process is proportional to the basic character of the substance. Hydrogen ions are always removed from the chemical compound during the deprotonation process. Their optical activities are also variable.

The deprotonation process also depends on the pH of the solutions or solvents. This process increases the reactivity of organic molecules. Processes like removal of hydrogen ions from water to form hydroxyl ions, removal of a proton from alkanes to form alkenes and alkynes, removal of hydrogen ions from alcohols, etc., best explain the term deprotonation.

Key differences
  1. Protonation is the phenomenon of the addition of protons; on the other hand, deprotonation is the phenomenon of removal of protons.
  2. Protonation always increases the pH of the chemical solution; on the other hand, deprotonation always lowers the pH of the chemical solution.
  3. Protonation always adds +1 charge to the chemical compound; on the other hand, deprotonation always removes the +1 charge from the chemical compound.
  4. Protonation is the increasing rate of acid character; on the other hand, deprotonation is the increasing rate of basic character.
  5. Protonation occurs very rapidly; on the other hand, deprotonation occurs very slowly.
  6. Bases generally used in the protonation process by accepting the proton; on the contrary; Deprotonation is generally used in the deprotonation process by removing the protons.
  7. The addition of energy occurs in the protonation process; on the other hand, energy removal occurs in the deprotonation process.
  8. Protonation increases the charge of the atom, ion, or molecule; on the other hand, deprotonation decreases the charge of the ion, atom or molecule.
  9. The protonation process involves the isomerization of chemicals; on the other hand, the deprotonation process does not involve isomerization of chemicals.
  10. Protonation is the chemical process that occurs in bases during acid-base reactions; On the other hand, deprotonation is the chemical process that occurs in acids during acid-base reactions.
  11. Protonation always produces the conjugate acid in the chemical process; conversely, deprotonation always produces the conjugate base in the chemical process.
  12. Protonation makes the solution more concentrated; on the other hand, deprotonation makes the solution less concentrated.
  13. Protonation involves the making of water molecules; on the other hand, deprotonation involves the manufacture of hydroxyl molecules.
  14. Protonation is the endothermic process; on the other hand, deprotonation is the exothermic process.

Final Thoughts

The above discussion concludes that protonation is the increase in +1 charge of the chemical compound; on the other hand, deprotonation is the decrease of the +1 charge of the chemical compound.

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button