This difference is based on the linguistic change that occurs in the prefix to go to prejudice as damage that leads to judicial intervention, while prejudice refers to moral damage caused by the prejudgment of another.
It is the prior judgment of a person, causes personal or moral damage to the affected person. It is composed of the prefix pre- which refers to something previous.
Currently the word prejudice is used to refer to the prior judgment that one or more people have about another person or group induced by stereotypes that leads to discrimination and racism; and damage is a verifiable and visible damage of a person or group to another person.
Both come from the Latin word praeiudicium, which represents the first trial or questioning before a trial, that is, a pre-trial.
The change in the prefixes begins to be observed when the Romans Cicero and Seneca begin to use praeiudicium not only to refer to the prior judgment of material damage, but also to the moral damage of presuming or the presumption of a crime to someone harming someone for their position. Social.