The main difference between plant vacuoles and animal vacuoles is that plant vacuoles are usually unique in number and larger in size, while animal vacuoles are more numerous and smaller in size.
Plant vacuoles vs animal vacuoles
Plant vacuoles in plant cells are known as a cavity that is present within the cytoplasm and is covered by a single membrane unit and is made up of cell sap. On the other hand, animal vacuoles in animal cells are known as a cavity present within the cytoplasm, which generally consists of food, liquid, or metabolic waste.
Plant vacuoles in plant cells are considered permanent structures; conversely, animal vacuoles in animal cells can be considered temporary structures.
The position of plant vacuoles in plant cells is usually in the center, whereas animal vacuoles can be distributed throughout the animal cell. The main purpose of the plant vacuole is to store water; On the other hand, the main function of the animal vacuole in animal cells is to store ions, nutrients, waste products and mainly water.
In plant cells, plant vacuoles are important for maintaining turgor pressure. On the other hand, in animal cells, animal vacuoles are very important in the process of exocytosis and endocytosis. The mass of the plant vacuole is usually large and can contain almost 90% of the plant cell space; on the other hand, the animal vacuole is considered smaller compared to the plant vacuole.
|Plant vacuoles||Animal vacuoles|
|Plant vacuoles are unique membranous structures present within the cytoplasm of plant cells.||Animal vacuoles are a cavity found in the cytoplasm of animal cells and are made up of fluids, food, and metabolic waste.|
|Size and number|
|A single large vacuole is present in plant cells.||May contain several small vacuoles|
|Plant cells often consist of a vacuole.||Animal cells rarely contain vacuoles.|
|Permanent / temporary structures|
|Plant vacuoles are considered permanent structures.||Animal vacuoles can be considered temporary structures.|
|Distribution within the cell|
|The position of the plant vacuoles is usually in the center.||Animal vacuoles can be distributed throughout the animal cell.|
|The plant vacuole stores water.||The animal vacuole in animal cells stores ions, nutrients, waste products, and main water.|
|Plant vacuoles are important to maintain turgor pressure.||Animal vacuoles are very important in the process of exocytosis and endocytosis.|
|The mass of the plant vacuole is usually large and can contain almost 90% of the plant cell space.||The animal vacuole is considered smaller compared to the plant vacuole and contains a small space in animal cells.|
Plant vacuoles considered as a cavity that are usually present within the cytoplasm of plant cells, covered by a single membrane, and consist of the cell sap in plant cells. The only membrane that surrounds the vacuoles of the plant is known as the tonoplast.
The cell sap of the plant vacuole contains water and other materials such as salts, enzymes, sugars and carbohydrates, lipids and ions. Plant vacuoles store primarily water and include up to 90% of the total volume of the cell’s cytoplasm in mature plants. Plant vacuoles can also consist of sucrose, amino acids, proteins, mineral salts, and many other waste materials.
Plant vacuoles are made up of water-soluble pigments such as anthocyanin. The important role of the plant vacuole is to preserve the turgor pressure of the plant cell because the plasma membrane of the cell presses alongside the cell wall through the turgor pressure.
Plant cells obtain water within their vacuoles through the process of osmosis. Plant vacuole also helps maintain cell shape during severe dehydration. Vacuoles are vital for the conservation of the osmotic concentration of the cell.
The digestive enzymes present in the vacuoles of plants serve primarily as lysosomes. One of the most important functions of plant vacuoles is the detoxification of heavy metals that are present within the cell.
What are animal vacuoles?
Animal vacuoles, considered as the cavity that is normally present within the cytoplasm, consist mainly of food, liquid, and other metabolic waste. Animal cells consist mainly of several smaller vacuoles.
The most important function of animal vacuoles includes endocytosis and exocytosis. Some animal vacuoles are produced through endocytosis, while others are formed through Golgi bodies, which are used primarily to excrete waste substances through the process of exocytosis.
Exocytosis is the process by which vacuoles transfer material out of the cell. Endocytosis is considered the opposite of exocytosis in which vacuoles help carry matter into animal cells.
The digestive enzymes that are present in the vacuoles mainly help in the digestion of ingested food. Some pathogenic cells, for example bacteria, are usually killed or killed by fusing with lysosomes of animal cells.
- A plant vacuole in plant cells is a cavity present within the cytoplasm of the cell, and it is a unique membranous structure and contains cell sap; on the other hand, the animal vacuole in animal cells is present within the cytoplasm consisting of fluid, food, and other metabolic wastes.
- Plant cells contain a large distinct vacuole; on the contrary, the cells of the animal contain many small vacuoles.
- The plant vacuole is known as the permanent structure in most cases in plant cells, while the animal vacuole is sometimes known to be a temporary structure in animal cells.
- The role of the plant vacuole is to maintain the turgor pressure of the plant cell; on the contrary, the main role of an animal cell is that it is important in exocytosis and endocytosis.
- The plant vacuole occupies about 90% of the plant cell space, while the animal vacuole is smaller and contains a small animal cell space.
- The plant vacuole is in the center of the cell; on the other hand, the animal vacuole is distributed throughout the animal cell site.
The above discussion concludes that plant vacuoles are a single, large and prominent structure, and their main function is to maintain the turgor pressure of the plant cell, while animal vacuoles are a cavity that occurs in the cytoplasm of animal cells. and consists of liquid, food and metabolic wastes.