Difference between plant and tree

Main difference

The main difference between plant and tree is that plants are classified as kingdom Plantae, while trees are large woody plants.

Plant against tree

Plants are static, multicellular eukaryotes. A tree is a kind of plant. Plants and trees have their place in the Plantae kingdom, but trees are taller than plants. Plants complete their growth and reproduction cycle in one to two years, while trees take more than two years. The plants are low in height and grow a few meters. The height of the trees is greater. The roots of the plants are thin; on the other hand, the stem roots are thick and provide a deep anchor to the ground.

Plants have one or more soft stems. The trees have a hard woody stem. The plants grow close to the ground or in the form of vines. Trees bloom tall in pyramid-shaped or round shapes. Trees can survive better in difficult circumstances compared to plants. The natural life of plants is less. Trees can live 300 years.

Plants absorb sunlight and can produce their food, but some plants cannot prepare their food and get ready-made food. Trees are photoautotrophs. Plant leaves are close to the stem, while tree leaves grow on branches away from the stem. Plants do not respond to environmental stimuli. Trees move towards the stimuli of sunlight, water, or any growth pattern. Plants provide flowers and fruits. Trees produce fruit, shelter, and wood.

Comparative chart
Plant Tree
Plants belong to the kingdom Plantae. The tree is a type of tall, woody plant.
No specific shape Triangle, column or round
Annual biennials Perennials
Little Tall
One or more stems Woody stem
One to ten years Up to 300 years
Unfavorable conditions
Survive less Survive better
Food pattern
Some are heterotrophs Photoautotrophs
Apical dominance
Do not Yes

What is Plant?

Plants are components of the kingdom Plantae. Plants are multicellular, eukaryotic, autotrophic, green, and static organisms. Bryophytes are the first plants that lived on earth. These plants evolved from algae. The vascular system is absent; water and food move by osmosis and diffusion. Bryophytes survive only in water, therefore they are called plant amphibians. Evidence suggests that leaves, flowers, seeds, and vascular tissues evolve later.

Different kinds of plants are now present, including grasses, shrubs, ferns, and conifers. However, plants produce flowers, while some plants do not produce flowers. Plants have specific parts that perform different functions. Plant roots are thin and short, holding them down to the ground – the stem transfers root material to other parts of the plant. The leaves are green and have mesophilic cells that help in photosynthesis.

Plants can make their food from sunlight and water absorbed from the ground. The stems of most plants are delicate and non-woody. Plants have one or more stems, which originate at the roots and bloom upward. Plants produce fruits and flowers. Plants that grow closer to the ground may be in the form of vines. The vines do not have strong stems and need horizontal support for further growth. The vines supply vegetables and fruits such as pumpkin, watermelon, cantaloupe, grapes, and bitter gourd. Plants are also used for beautification purposes. Plants are cut into different shapes and sizes for garden decoration.

What is the tree?

Trees are giant plants. They have a single woody trunk. The outer layer of the stem is called the bark. The bark contains some pores through which perspiration occurs. The trunk is made of cellulose. Trees grow taller from 10 to 250 feet. Trees grow mainly in some regions where the average temperature is higher.

The shape of the trees varies by location. In mountainous areas, the trees are elongated and pyramid-shaped. Some trees branch out in a circle. Tree roots are thick and deep. The roots absorb minerals and transport them to the leaves for food preparation. The woody stem contains vascular bundles of xylem and phloem tissues. The xylem tissues transport the absorbed minerals from the roots to the leaves, and the phloem tissues act as a vehicle to transfer prepared foods from the leaves to other parts.

Trees are healthy and can survive stressful conditions such as heat, cold, and harsh environments. They are stress tolerant, which means they can live with a shortage of food and water. Trees live over a hundred years, some live over 300 years. Trees are perennials, which means that their growth cycle is complete in more than two years. They produce fruits and flowers such as mango, banana and cherry. The class of coniferous plants is called trees.

Wood from trees is applicable for many purposes. Industries use wood for heating and burning. Heat is produced in ovens by burning wood. Wood is a raw material for the manufacture of numerous household items such as tables, chairs, benches, furniture, pencils, etc.; In addition, trees provide shelter for animals and birds.

Key differences
  1. Plants are multicellular eukaryotes, while the tree is a category of plants.
  2. Plants are usually close to the ground, while trees are pyramidal, columnar, and circular in shape.
  3. Plants are biennial or annual, on the contrary, trees are perennial.
  4. The height of the plants is small to a few feet on the other side, the trees are taller.
  5. The plants have smooth, multiple stems, on the other hand, the trees have a woody trunk.
  6. Plants bloom for less time while trees live for a hundred years.
  7. Plants can tolerate unsuitable conditions, while trees survive better in stressful circumstances.
  8. Plants can prepare their food, but some are heterotrophic. On the other hand, all trees go through the process of photosynthesis.
  9. Plants do not respond to environmental stimuli, on the contrary, trees show apical dominance.

Final Thought

The plant and tree are members of the kingdom Plantae, but the plants are short and have delicate stems, while the trees are tall, woody plants.

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