Medicine

Difference between piles, fissures and fistula

Main difference

The main difference between piles, fissures and fistulas is that piles are known as the inflamed veins in the lower part of the anus or anal canal. They are relatively painless, while fissures are more painful because it occurs as a result of the skin tearing or cutting around the anus, while fistula is known as the small opening that occurs in the skin near the anus and has pus in it. he.

Heaps against fissures against fistula

Hemorrhoids are considered to be swollen blood vessels in the anal canal, which occur due to prolonged constipation. On the other hand, fissure is considered to be the type of fissures present in the skin of the anal canal while fistula is considered to be the small opening around the anal canal. It is the type of cavity that is filled with pus.

The symptoms of hemorrhoids are that they are not seen at first because they are not very painless, but then in its later stages, there is swelling around the anal area, and when felt, it causes pain. On the contrary, the symptoms of fissures are, they create a lot of pain in the anal area, in which the victim begins to avoid using the bathroom. Still, the bleeding is irregular in her, while in the fistula, its symptoms are that it is the worst condition of the previous two, because, in the fistula, pus is frequently released from the anal area.

The main causes of piles are prolonged constipation, pregnancy and chronic cough. While the various causes of fissures are pregnancy, Crohn’s disease, constipation, clutter and pressure on the anus, while some of the causes of fistula are people suffering from Crohn’s disease, obesity , continually sitting in one place and constipation.

Hemorrhoids can be prevented by intake of more fluids and high fiber diet for better result while fissures can also be prevented by proper liquid diet and high fiber diet while fistula can be prevented adapting hygiene habits while using the bathroom.

Comparison chart

stack of something cracks Fistula
Piles are also known as hemorrhoids, and these are the swollen veins at the bottom of the anal canal. Fissures are recognized as a cut or tear near the anal canal and are very painful. The fistula is known as the passageway that connects the infected anal gland to the anal abscess, and this passageway is created when the anal gland becomes infected and causes an anal abscess to form, which begins to discharge pus.
Considered as
It is considered as the swollen blood vessels in the anal canal, which occur due to long-term constipation. He considered the type of cracks present in the skin of the anal canal. Considered as the small opening around the anal canal, it is a type of cavity that fills with pus.
Symptoms
The symptoms are that they are not seen at first because they are not very painless, but then in its later stages, there is swelling around the anal area, and when felt, they cause pain. The symptoms are that they cause a lot of pain in the anal area, in which the victim begins to avoid using the bathroom, but the bleeding is irregular in it. It is the worst condition of two because, in fistula, pus is regularly released from the anal area.
Causes
The main causes are prolonged constipation, pregnancy and chronic cough. Various causes of fissures are pregnancy, Crohn’s disease, constipation, clutter, and pressure on the anus. Some reasons are people suffering from Crohn’s disease, obesity, sitting in one place, and constipation.
Prevention
It can be prevented by drinking more fluids and having a high fiber diet for a better result. It can also be prevented by eating an adequate liquid diet and a high-fiber diet. It can be prevented by adapting hygiene habits when using the bathroom
Treatment
During the early stages, it is treated only with medication. The available treatment for the fissure is lateral sphincterotomy, which provides immediate relief. Appropriate treatment is performed by magnetic resonance imaging or ultrasound.
What is piles?

Hemorrhoids or hemorrhoids are known as the inflammation in the blood vessels of the anal tract, which occurs due to obesity, constipation, pregnancy, weakening of the rectus muscles, sitting on the toilet for a long time, lack of fibrous diet and consumption of fluids, diarrhea etc.

External or internal hemorrhoids are considered two types of piles. These types are present in the body or in all people, but when they are enlarged, they are called abnormal. Internal hemorrhoids are less painful because they belong to the nerve fibers of the intestine. But external hemorrhoids are painful because they extend beyond the anus and the bleeding occurs during solid stools.

What is fissure?

The fissure is known as a tear or cut in the anal area, which causes more pain. The fissure is recognized when the stool does not pass quickly and chronic constipation occurs, and the patient tries to stretch and puts pressure on the sphincter muscles.

If proper medication is given with liquid, fiber-rich diet, the fissure can heal within a few weeks. But if more strain and pressure is put on the sphincter muscles, you can become more miserable and can cause bleeding and release of pus.

What is fistula?

The fistula is known as the passage between the infected anal gland and the anal abscess. The anal gland is the middle portion of the anus that gets infected and produces the anal abscess, which then starts discharging pus.

Fistula can be caused by cancer, radiation, warts, Crohn’s disease, trauma, and many other bowel-related diseases. Fistula occurs mainly in people with obesity, and for a long time, always sitting in one place.

Fistula symptoms are redness and irritation near the anus or anal canal, swelling, pain, and discharge of pus from the duct. It can be treated and diagnosed; however, antibiotics are also given as the best cure for fistula.

Key differences

  1. The appearance of swollen blood vessels in the anal area due to prolonged constipation, resulting in bleeding, is known as piles. Rather, the type of cracks or tears that occur around the skin of the anal canal or near the anus, resulting in severe pain is known as an anal fissure or fissure. However, the small opening in the anal area and a kind of tubular organ or passage between two infected tissues is known as anal fistula or fistula. The fistula is a cavity that is filled with pus.
  2. Pile symptoms are not noticeable in its early stages, but after a while, swelling appears and becomes more painful when felt. While the fissure, on the other hand, causes more pain and the sufferer avoids using the bathroom, while the fistula is more severe and pus comes out of the anus.

Final Thoughts

The above discussion concludes that piles are swollen veins that occur due to constipation, while fissure is the crack or tear in the anus that causes the most pain, while fistula is the opening in the anal area filled with pus.

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