Differences between Philosophy and Religion

It is known that philosophy and religion are two terms that have to do with the beliefs and knowledge of man. Thus, both have the same content, since they seek truth and wisdom, however, their approach to this search is different since religion uses the language of representation through myths, rites and symbols and philosophy seeks to demonstrate through an idea, a thought and a concept.

That said, this article’s main objective is to point out the differences that exist between philosophy and religion and for this we will begin with their respective definitions.


Mainly, the word philosophy has its etymological origin in the Greek words -philos- which means -love- and -sophia- which means -thought, wisdom and knowledge-. In this sense, philosophy translates as love for knowledge, being a science that deals with answering the great questions that man has raised as the origin of the universe, the mind, morality, beauty, knowledge, truth. , language, the origin of man and the meaning of life.

Likewise, philosophy has the purpose of achieving wisdom through the implementation of a coherent and rational analysis, moving away from the spiritual, esoteric and mythological, since it focuses on rational evidence, leaving aside the arguments of authority of religion. It should be noted that philosophy has main branches from which some others are derived, among which we have:

  • Metaphysics, which deals with the study of nature.
  • Epistemology, which is responsible for analyzing the origin of nature and the scope of human knowledge.
  • Epistemology, which focuses on the study of knowledge.
  • Logic, which is based on the foundations of valid inference and proof.
  • Ethics, which deals with the study of morality.
  • Aesthetics, which deals with the study of the perception of beauty.


It can be said that the word religion has its etymological origin in the Latin term -religĭo- which refers to the -creed-. In this sense, religion is understood as the set of dogmatic knowledge about a divine entity. This is based on the belief and praise towards divine and superior beings known as gods, who are concerned with the creation of the world.

On the other hand, from the theological point of view, a religion gives its knowledge to those who have faith in their gods, so that they can defend it and indoctrinate others. That is why religion can be considered a doctrine that includes the systematization of religious practices based on a set of knowledge from their gods and prophets, generally of a dogmatic or imposing nature.

Finally, there are countless religions in the world, the ones with the largest number of faithful or believers being the Christian religion or Christianity with different variants, Hinduism, Judaism and the traditional Chinese religion, among others.

Starting from the definitions, we can say that the main differences between philosophy and religion are:

Philosophy Religion
It is based on reason and knowledge. It is based on faith and beliefs.
It has as reference the man. It has as a reference to supreme beings.
It seeks to explain the different phenomena through knowledge. It seeks to explain the different phenomena through the supernatural.
It is rational in nature. It is dogmatic in nature.

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