Peronism or Justicialism is a political movement that emerged in Argentina in the mid-1940s around Juan Domingo Perón and a large number of unions. Since its inception, it has had a great political influence in Argentina.
It was known first as the Labor Party and then as the Peronist Party and later as the Justicialist Party. In 1949, exactly two years after the female suffrage law was enacted, this movement organized the Women’s Peronist Party, founded by Eva Perón.
Its organization was carried out on three bases, political, union and feminine. Then, in 1970, youth was added. It is known as justicialism because it attaches great importance to social justice.
Radicalism is a political current that emerged in the second half of the nineteenth century due to the creation of radical parties around the world. In each country he followed his own evolution. Its bases were based on a firm position on secular, rationalist, republican, humanist and anticlerical principles.
In Argentina, radicalism was initiated by the Unión Cívica Radical, a party that was founded in 1891. They promoted political openness, the end of fraud, expansion of the rights of the lower and middle classes, the end of proscription and greater rights for immigrants and their descendants. It was born as such after the Revolution of ’90 and was consolidated in the armed uprisings of 1893 and 1905.
These were unsuccessful, but they managed to pass a compulsory secret ballot law for all men. This right allowed radicalism to come to power in 1916 with the presidency of Hipólito Yrigoyen. Not only is UCR radical, other political parties in Argentina are known as radicals.
Differences between Peronism and radicalism
- Peronism was articulated as a national movement.
- The radicalism or UCR party evolved towards the organization of political parties.
- Peronism privileges effectiveness over representativeness. Peronism speaks of the people as synonymous with the masses.
- Radicalism privileges representativeness over effectiveness. In his speeches he speaks of citizenship as synonymous with people.