Difference between Pavement and Asphalt

It is common for us to use the terms pavement and asphalt as synonyms. However, they have certain differences. The pavement is the horizontal base of a construction and acts as a support for furniture, people or animals, while asphalt is a viscous material that acts as a constituent element of some types of pavement.


The pavement is the base of a construction that acts as a support for people, furniture and animals. Communication routes made with asphalt are also known as pavement.

For civil engineering, the pavement is the layer that is made up of various materials and that can be placed on the natural ground or already prepared and leveled in order to increase its resistance. This allows it to be prepared for the circulation of people or vehicles.


It is a sticky, viscous, semi-solid material at room temperature and dark gray in color that is mixed with gravel or sand in order to act as pavement on paths and as a coating on walls and roofs. Asphalt is a binder for building roads and highways

It is a material found in oil or in large natural deposits and represents the heaviest fraction or part of crude oil. Natural deposits form in wells or lakes from petroleum residues. It is also known as bitumen. When it reaches the boiling temperature of water, it is pasty, so it can be easily spread.

Asphalt is a binding material that ensures cohesion with its aggregates and can resist the mechanical action caused by vehicles. Natural asphalt has been used since ancient times and is mentioned in the Old Testament as a material for caulking ships.

Differences between pavement and asphalt

  • A pavement is a durable layer placed on streets, roads, buildings, and sidewalks for the purpose of easy transportation or movement.
  • Asphalt is a hydrocarbon used with other products or aggregates for the construction of pavement or for waterproofing.

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