Difference between Orthodox and Heterodox

Orthodox is what goes according to the opinion or belief held as correct or true. Heterodoxy is that opinion or belief that is considered false or contrary to the dogmas.


The term comes from the Latin orthodoxĭa, and this from the Greek orthós, “correct” or “straight” and dóxa, “opinion” or “belief”. It is the opinion or belief that is held as correct or true. The authority fixes the orthodoxy and in the absence of this, ideas and practices are admitted that, from the perspective of the group, are accepted by consensus.

It is usually applied to the doctrines or tamings of religions and sects and in philosophical systems it is also found in science, especially in the concepts of paradigm and scientific revolution. In the oldest sense of Christianity it applied to conformity to the faith of the early church.

Orthodoxy when it is assumed in power is based on ideological, political, economic and social control mechanisms, its work being highlighted in the institutions, the media and the level of development of society.


It refers to the quality of being dissatisfied with a dogma, particularly of a religion. It is also understood as the doctrine or opinion that does not agree with that which is supported by the majority of a group. It is usually the opinion that appears to the vast majority as heretical, dissident, unusual or strange and can be disapproved.

For intolerant societies where there are mandatory opinions and dogmas, heterodoxy is punished and those who support it are expelled, silenced, marginalized or eliminated. In the religious sphere it is called heresy. For sociology, heterodoxy is an enriching, renovating and dynamic factor of society.

Differences between orthodox and heterodox

  • Orthodox thought is that opinion that goes according to the doctrines or dogmas considered true.
  • The heterodox thought is one that goes against what is indicated by the doctrines or dogmas.

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