Difference between organic and inorganic

Main difference

Organic and inorganic are the branches of chemistry. Organic compounds are made up of hydrogen, carbon, oxygen and their derivatives. Compounds that are not organic compounds are called inorganic compounds and do not carry carbon atoms for the most part. Organic compounds are primarily associated with living things and inorganic compounds are primarily associated with non-living living things.

What is organic?

Organic compounds are made up of hydrogen, carbon, oxygen and their derivatives. Living things are associated with organic compounds. for example, urea, methane, sugar, and benzene. Organic compounds are in the form of gases, liquids, and solids. Organic compounds are volatile and highly flammable. Organic compounds cannot produce sales due to the covalence of carbon.

What is inorganic?

Compounds that are not organic compounds are called inorganic compounds and do not carry carbon atoms for the most part. Non-living things are associated with inorganic compounds. for example, sodium chloride, diamond, and calcium chloride. Most inorganic compounds are solid. Inorganic compounds are non-volatile and non-flammable. They are soluble in water and insoluble in organic solution.

Key differences

  1. Organic compounds contain carbon-hydrogen bonds, while inorganic compounds do not carry carbon-hydrogen bonds.
  2. Organic compounds are found in living matter, while inorganic compounds are found in non-living things.
  3. Organic compounds are biological in nature, while inorganic compounds are mineral in nature.
  4. Organic compounds are more complex compared to inorganic compounds.
  5. Organic compounds are made up of covalent bonds, while inorganic compounds are made up mainly of ionic bonds, few are made up of covalent bonds.
  6. Organic compounds cannot produce salts, while inorganic compounds can produce salts.
  7. The melting and boiling points of organic compounds are lower compared to inorganic compounds.
  8. Organic compounds are insoluble in water, while organic compounds are soluble in water.
  9. Organic compounds are highly flammable and volatile, while inorganic compounds are non-flammable and non-volatile.
  10. While in aqueous solution, organic compounds are poor conductors of heat and electricity, while inorganic compounds are better conductors of heat and electricity in aqueous solution.

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