Food

What is the difference between Obesity and Malnutrition

Two of the most common conditions related to poor diet and malnutrition in the world today are obesity and malnutrition. Although both are conditions that are often interpreted as opposites, the truth is that even an overweight or obese person can have nutritional deficiencies.

Comparison table

Obesity
Malnutrition
Definition Obesity is a disease that is characterized by the excessive and generalized deposition and accumulation of body fat, with a BMI (body mass index) of more than 30. It is a condition caused by poor assimilation of nutrients by an organism. Although it is more common for those who suffer from it to be people with limited resources, the truth is that no one is exempt.
Causes Among the most common causes of obesity are the increase in the amount of food consumed, regular consumption of fast food, stress, genetic factors, depression, hormonal imbalances, sedentary lifestyle, among many others. A bad diet is the main cause. This could be, for example, hypocaloric or hypoproteic and generate nutritional deficiencies in the person. In addition, there are a number of medical conditions that can cause poor absorption of nutrients.
Symptoms The most obvious symptom is increased weight and body mass. Likewise, fatigue, tiredness and weakness are also common symptoms. In children it can cause short stature, weakness, paleness and problems in intellectual development. In addition there may be fatigue, dizziness, propensity to get sick relatively often, etc.
Consequences Obesity can trigger other conditions, some of which can be serious and even fatal. Among these are cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, hypertension, etc. As for malnutrition, this can cause heart failure due to loss of muscle mass. The immune system becomes inefficient, so that any disease becomes life-threatening in a person with malnutrition.
Treatment To combat obesity, it is recommended to reduce the calories ingested, exercise quite regularly and eat a balanced diet. In the most extreme cases, it is not uncommon for bariatric surgery to be considered a viable option. It is important that people at risk receive information regarding malnutrition. It is recommended to prolong breastfeeding and learn about nutrients and their absorption. Having a varied and nutritious diet is vital.

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