Health

Difference Between Neurosis and Psychosis

Neurosis and psychosis are two concepts that are closely related, this is because, in the field of psychology, both are personality disorders but they present different manifestations. These manifestations show that these are different conditions.

In this sense, in this article we will present the differences between psychosis and neurosis based on their definitions for the consideration of the readers.

Neurosis

It can be said that neuroses are emotional personality disorders within an anxious or nervous environment, which are manifested through psychic conflicts that originate from psychological factors, that is, from any type of event that acts on the individual. 

In neuroses, the patient is aware that he has an illness and suffers because of it, because he is in a permanent search to adapt and endure his reality. In fact, these patients seek to eliminate the anguish they feel in situations that they cannot control and that are the product of psychosis.

On the other hand, from the social point of view, neurosis is a personality disorder that affects social, family, work, vocational and sexual adaptation, although the disease is not associated with a total impediment to the development of these activities. Also, the main symptoms of neurosis are conversions, obsessions, compulsions and phobias. Hence, defined neurotic disorders are adjustment, anxiety, dissociative, sleep, impulse control, obsessive-compulsive and depressive disorders, among others.

Finally, patients with neurosis usually do not require hospitalization or prolonged clinical treatment, although in many cases antidepressants and tranquilizers can be prescribed, so the disease can be overcome with psychological therapy, observation and therapeutic support.

Psychosis

Psychoses are emotional disorders of the personality that involve the loss of the notion of reality, so the person interprets it in a totally different way. This is because the person does not have sufficient mechanisms to support it and deal with it.

It is therefore that, in psychoses, the patient is not aware that he suffers from an illness and lives his interpretation of reality as if it were true. That is why, from the social point of view, psychosis is a serious personality disorder that notably prevents the patient’s relationships with other people at work, family, vocational and sexual levels, even completely isolating himself from the different groups. humans from their environment.

Likewise, the main symptoms of psychosis vary according to the type of psychosis suffered, so they can include hallucinations, delusions, panic attacks, hyperactivity, attention deficit and anorexia, among others. Hence, the most common psychotic disorders are schizophrenia, delusional disorders, schizophreniform disorders, schizoaffective disorders, and substance-induced schizoid disorders.

Finally, patients with psychosis usually require hospitalization accompanied by psychological therapies and clinical treatments, so tranquilizers and antidepressants, among others, are usually prescribed.

As can be seen, the differences between neurosis and psychosis are clear, which we can summarize below:

Neurosis Psychosis
They are emotional disorders of the personality, whether nervous or anxious that alter the perception of reality. They are serious emotional disorders of the personality that imply the loss of the notion of reality.
The patient with neurosis is aware that he has an illness, so he tries to adapt to it. The patient with psychosis is not aware that he has a disease, so he accepts his condition as reality.
The neurosis does not totally impede the development of the person’s social activities. Psychosis prevents the normal development of the person’s social life.
Patients with neurosis usually do not require hospitalization or prolonged clinical treatment. Patients with psychosis usually require hospitalization and prolonged clinical treatment.

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