Difference between natural fiber and synthetic fiber

Main difference

The main difference between natural fiber and synthetic fiber is that natural fiber is made up of plants and animals while synthetic fiber is made up of chemical components.

Natural fiber vs. synthetic fiber

Natural fibers are defined as fibers that originate from nature, while synthetic fibers are defined as fibers that originate from chemical compounds. Natural fibers have a natural color. On the other hand, a suitable amount of suitable color is added in a color bath to color the synthetic fibers.

Natural fibers are manufactured using a process in which the spinneret is not necessary during the spinning process. On the other hand, the spinneret is necessary during the spinning process for the production of filament in synthetic fibers. Natural fibers are less durable while synthetic fibers are more durable compared to natural fibers.

Natural fibers are made in natural ways, so there is a chance that dust or impurities may be found. On the contrary, there is no possibility of dirt or impurities in synthetic fibers as they are made by artificial methods. The length of natural fiber cannot be controlled, while the length of synthetic fiber can be controlled.

The number of molecules in natural fibers is unlimited, while the number of molecules in synthetic fibers is limited. The number of molecules in the natural fiber is controlled by nature. Rather, man controls the number of molecules in the synthetic fiber.

Natural fibers are good for health and a person feels comfortable with them. On the contrary, synthetic fibers are not comfortable or good for health. Natural fibers are expensive, while synthetic fibers are not expensive. Natural fiber is hygienic, while some synthetic fibers are not hygienic.

Comparison chart

natural fiber Synthetic fiber
Fiber obtained from nature is called natural fiber. The fiber made from the artificial or regenerative system is called synthetic fiber.
No of molecules
Unlimited Limited
Length
can’t control can be controlled
spinner nipple
It is not necessary during the spinning process. Necessary during the spinning process.
Durability
less durable more durable
cost
More expensive less expensive
Depending on the nature
It depends It does not depend
Increase
can’t grow everywhere can grow everywhere
To end
Not favorable Favorable
Electricity Generation
cannot generate static electricity Can generate static electricity
Dust and impurities
It can be found It could not be found
Hygiene
Hygienic Some are not hygienic
examples
Linen, silk, cotton, leather, etc. Polyester, Rayon, Acrylic, Microfibers, etc.
What is natural fiber?

Fiber that is made from nature, i.e. from plants or animals, is called natural fibers. Natural fibers are synthesized by first collecting the raw and natural materials, then dividing them into threads and finally weaving them to obtain the natural fabric. The length of the natural fiber is uncontrolled and decided by nature.

Two types of natural fibers are transformed into natural fabrics. One is a natural fiber of animal origin, which is harvested from an animal, i.e. wool is harvested from sheep and silk from silkworms. The other is a natural fiber of vegetable origin, which is obtained from plants, that is, cotton and jute.

Advantages

The first and main advantage of natural fiber is that it is ecological. The absorbency rate of natural fibers is very high and they tend to absorb water quickly. Natural fibers find their best use in things like towels, bedspreads, and sheets, etc. due to its high tendency to absorb water effectively.

Natural fibers are made naturally and cellulose is present in them. Therefore, they are durable enough but less durable than synthetic fibers.

examples

  • Linen: The oldest fabric until now is linen. Flax is derived from flax plants.
  • Silk: Silk is made from silkworms. Silk has a fascinating texture and is very strong and non-allergenic.
  • Cotton: The most comfortable fabric is cotton made from cotton plants. Cotton is very soft, durable and comfortable to wear.
  • Leather: Leather is made from animal skin, it has high tensile strength and tear resistance.
What is synthetic fiber?

Fibers that are made from man-made or synthetic materials by chemical processes are called synthetic fibers. Synthetic fibers are made by spinnerets during the spinning process. Synthetic fibers are less expensive compared to natural fibers and are the best alternative for natural fibers.

Synthetic fibers do not depend on nature and can grow everywhere. There is no natural crimp present in synthetic fibers; instead, additional crimps must be inserted. The strength of synthetic fiber is higher compared to natural fibers. Synthetic fibers are difficult to dye.

Synthetic fibers are more durable compared to natural fibers and their production does not require bleaching or flogging. Most synthetic fibers are hygienic with no dust particles or impurities present in them.

Advantages

The first and foremost advantage of synthetic fibers is that they are much cheaper than natural fibers. They are also stain and water resistant. They are durable and have a high tensile strength. Synthetic fibers can generate static electricity and can grow everywhere.

examples

  • Polyester: Polyester is synthesized from coal and petroleum. It is not breathable at all.
  • Rayon: Rayon is made from semi-synthetic fibers, which can be used as a replacement for silk and wool.
  • Acrylic: The fiber that is made from acrylonitrile polymers is called acrylic. Acrylic is well known for having the best retention properties for making artificial fur.
  • Microfibers: Synthetic fibers generally made up of polyesters are called microfibers.

Key differences

  1. Natural fibers are made from nature, while synthetic fibers are entirely human-made.
  2. The length of natural fibers is decided by nature. In contrast, the length of synthetic fibers is decided by man.
  3. The number of molecules in natural fibers is controlled by nature. On the other hand, man controls the number of molecules in synthetic fibers.
  4. Natural fibers have an unlimited number of molecules. On the other hand, synthetic fibers have a limited number of molecules.
  5. Natural fibers depend on nature. In contrast, synthetic fibers do not depend on nature.
  6. Natural fibers can grow everywhere, while synthetic fibers cannot grow everywhere.
  7. Natural fibers are found in staple or filament form, while synthetic fibers can be found in staple, filament or staple form.
  8. The spinneret is not necessary during the spinning process for the production of natural fibres. On the contrary, the spinneret is used during the spinning process of synthetic fibres.
  9. No spinning process is required for the production of filaments in natural fibers. On the other hand, the spinning process is an essential requirement for the production of filaments in synthetic fibers.
  10. Natural fibers do not need chemical solutions for yarn production, while synthetic fibers need chemical solutions for yarn production.
  11. Natural fibers are comfortable to wear and good for health. On the other hand, synthetic fibers are not comfortable to wear and are also not good for health.
  12. Natural fibers are easy to dye while synthetic fibers are difficult to dye.
  13. Natural fibers are friendly to the environment while synthetic fibers are not friendly to the environment.
  14. Natural fibers are decomposable. On the contrary, synthetic fibers are not biodegradable.
  15. Natural fibers are expensive. By contrast, synthetic fibers are cheap.
Final Thoughts

Natural fibers are obtained from natural sources such as plants and animals, while synthetic fibers are obtained from man-made sources and man-made from chemical components.

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