Basically, -Much- is a word from the English language that translated into Spanish means -a lot-. This is used when talking about a singular noun, that is, it is used for things that can be counted, which are called countable nouns. These nouns can be used with a number and have both singular and plural forms.
Thus, when referring to a singular noun, the word -Much- should be used. On the other hand, in everyday language, the word -Much- is generally used to ask questions. Likewise, -Much- is used in negative sentences and in contrast, with positive clauses, -Much- is used with the words -so- and -too-.
- The newspaper has much information singular noun.
- I have much luggage countable noun.
- Is there much milk in that bottle? (Is there a lot of milk in that bottle?) question mark.
- There wasn’t much juice in the fridge Negative statement.
- I have so much work tonight (I have a lot of work tonight) Positive clause (so).
- John worries too much (John worries too much) Positive clause (too).
It can be said that -Many- is another word of the English language that translated into Spanish means a lot. This is used when talking about a plural noun and it is also used for things that cannot be counted, called uncountable nouns, which can only be used in the singular and cannot be used with a number.
Therefore, when referring to a plural noun, the word –Many- must be used. Additionally, in everyday language, the word -Many- is often used to ask questions and in negative sentences. In contrast, with positive clauses -Many- is used with the word -as-.
- She has many books (She has many books) Plural noun.
- I have many coins (I have many coins) uncountable noun.
- How much money did you spend last night? (How much money did you spend last night?) Question mark.
- Many people don’t know about my past (Many people do not know my past) negative phrase.
- She has as many shoes as i do (She has as many shoes as I do) Positive clause (as).
As can be seen, the differences between -Much- and -Many- have to do with their applications and uses. Consequently, we have to:
- -Much- is used with singular nouns while -Many- is used with plural nouns.
- -Much- is used with countable nouns while -Many- is used with uncountable nouns.
- With positive clauses –Much- is used with the words –so- and –too- while -Many- is used with the word –as- in positive clauses.