Biology

Difference between monocot and dicot

Main Difference

There are hundreds and thousands of different plants that exist in the world and classifying them was a difficult task. The scientists were able to do that after careful analysis and ended up placing various types of plants in two classes. These were known as dicots and monocots. The basic explanation of them will be that they are the two main groups of flowering plants. Although they are applied to be opposite to each other since different plants are in these groups, there has not always been a consensus on this and people tend to mix these two types. Some of the differences between them that are described in this space are evident.The main difference between them is the definition that for dicots establishes that they are plants that have two embryonic leaves in their seeds, what is also known as cotyledons. The definition of monocots is that their seeds have a single embryonic leaf. This helps to recognize that the dicot has two seed sheets, while the monocots have one seed sheet. This is the basis of their separation, but there are some plants that have these two characteristics and therefore create problems for people who want to understand these plants better.There are also many other variations between them, for example, the veins of Trees in the case of monocots are parallel to each other, while these tree veins are grouped for dicots. Moving on to the flowers, they are petals that are multiples of three in the case of monocots, but the petals are multiples of four or five in the case of dicots. The root patterns for dicots and monocots are different in their own way, for the former the root system is the main root, while for the latter it is known as the fibrous root system. There is no secondary growth that takes place in monocotyledonous plants, but there is secondary growth in plants that belong to the dicotyledonous family.Going on to the stems, for the dicotyledonous, the stems are arranged in the bundle of vascular tissues that end up forming a ring, in this there are two parts of the stem that are known as bark and stele. For monocots, these bundles do not have any particular arrangement and exist throughout the stem and also lack bark. Some of the other differences between these, Along with a brief explanation of both types, they are given in the last paragraphs. but there is secondary growth in plants belonging to the dicot family. Moving to the stems, for the dicotyledonous, the stems are arranged in the bundle of vascular tissues that end up forming a ring, in this there are two parts of the stem that are known as bark and stele.For monocots, these bundles do not have any arrangement particular and exist throughout the stem and also lack bark. Some of the other differences between these, along with a brief explanation of both types, are given in the last paragraphs. but there is secondary growth in plants belonging to the dicot family. Moving on to the stems, for the dicot, the stems are arranged in the bundle of vascular tissues that end up forming a ring, in this there are two parts of the stem that are known as bark and stele. For monocots, these bundles have no particular arrangement and exist throughout the stem and also lack bark.Some of the other differences between these, along with a brief explanation of both types, are given in the last paragraphs. these bundles have no particular arrangement and exist throughout the stem and also lack bark. Some of the other differences between these, along with a brief explanation of both types, are given in the last paragraphs. these bundles have no particular arrangement and exist throughout the stem and also lack bark. Some of the other differences between these,

Comparative chart
Monocotyledonous Dicot
Definition There are two cotyledons in the seeds. There is only one cotyledon in the seeds.
Species The number of species of the monocot family exceeds 60,000 The number of species of the monocot family exceeds 20,000
flowers Monocotyledonous flowers are always in multiples of four and five. Monocot flowers are always in multiples of three.
Fabrics Vascular tissues are correctly arranged in bundles and form a ring. Vascular tissues are scattered here and there

Definition of Monocot

These are known as the types of plants that have only one cotyledon in their embryo, which means that they also have a seed leaf. Other characteristics of these types of plants include the veins of their leaves that are parallel in nature, and the flowers that are present in these trees usually have petals that are multiples of three. The roots are fibrous while the stems do not have any particular structure and also lack bark. Their pollen has only one pore and the type of wood present in them is known as herbaceous. The best examples of these types of trees are cereal trees, lilies, bananas, and palm trees. There is no secondary growth in these types of plants while some of them even show dicotyledonous characteristics, which leads to some confusion.

Definition of dicot

It is known that these types of plants are differentiated by the characteristic that their seed has two cotyledons, there are more than 20 thousand different types of plants in this type and it is smaller than the other. Traditionally they have always been known as dicots and were initially treated as a separate class. There are three grooves in the pollen for dicots, while the stem is arranged in concentric circles rather than being unarranged. Leaf veins are cross-linked and there are signs of secondary growth. The flowers that do exist have petals in multiples of four or more, while the roots live on the radicle that follows the main root system.

Differences in a nutshell
  • There are two cotyledons in the seeds of a dicot plant, while there is only one cotyledon in the seeds of a monocot plant.
  • The number of species in the monocot family is over 60,000, while the number of species in the dicot family is over 20,000.
  • The veins of the leaves in monocots are parallel to each other, but the veins of the leaves in a dicot are reticular.
  • Monocot flowers are always in multiples of four and five, but the dicot always has flowers with multiples of three petals.
  • In monocots no secondary growth occurs, but there is in dicots.
  • Vascular tissues are correctly arranged in bundles and form a ring in the case of dicots, but there is no such arrangement for monocots, and vascular tissues are scattered here and there.
  • The best example of a monocot is sugarcane, while the best example of a dicot is grass.
  • The primary root pattern is followed in dicots, whereas there are fibrous roots in a monocot system.

Final Thought

Monocot and Dicot are two very common terms when studying plants. But there are many ways that the main differences between them can be explained to people who want to know more about them and that is what this article has done, give people a general idea about the differences between the two terms.

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