General

Difference Between Mixed Cropping and Intercropping

Main difference

The main difference between mixed cropping and intercropping is that mixed cropping is the process where two or more crops can be grown at the same time on the same plot of land, while intercropping is the process where two or more types of crops are grown. in the same space at that moment but with the different pattern.

Mixed cropping versus intercropping

Mixed cultivation is done without a defined pattern; intercropping, on the other hand, is always done in a definite pattern. Mixed farming is the process where two or more crops can be grown at the same time on the same land; On the other hand, intercropping is the process where two or more types of crops are grown in the same part of the space at the same time but in a different pattern. In mixed crops, the seeds are first combined and then sown; on the opposite side, in intercropping, the seeds are not first combined before sowing.

In mixed crops, the same type of fertilizer and pesticide is administered to all crops; On the other side of the coin, in intercropping, different but specific fertilizers and pesticides are given to each specific crop. The main objective of mixed crops is to reduce the risks of crop failure; on the other hand, the main objective of intercropping is to increase crop productivity. There is competition between crops in mixed farming; on the other hand, there is no competition between crops in intercropping.

The sowing time in mixed crops is different or the same in all crops; On the other side of the coin, planting time is the same for all crops. The other goal of mixed cropping is to use the space on the left between two rows of main crops; on the other hand, the goal of intercropping is to obtain at least one crop under favorable conditions.

Comparison chart

mixed farming intercropping
Mixed farming is the process where two or more crops can be grown simultaneously on the same parcel of land. Intercropping is the process where two or more crops are grown on the same plot of land at the time but in a different pattern.
Pattern
Does not follow any specific pattern Follow the defined pattern
Seeds
The seeds are first combined and then sown The seeds are not combined before sowing.
Fertilizers and pesticides
The same fertilizers and pesticides are administered to all seeds. Specific fertilizers and pesticides are administered to each crop.
Target
To reduce the danger of crop failure To increase crop yield
Competence
exists among crops Does not exist among crops
Watch out
More attention is paid to main crops All crops care equally
Advantage
To use the space between two rows of the main crop Obtain at least one crop under favorable conditions.
planting time
May be the same or different It is the same for all crops

What is mixed farming?

Mixed cropping is the crop production method used to reduce the dangers of crop failure. In it, more attention is simply paid to the main crops. It is used to take advantage of the space left between the two rows of crops. Its main objective is to reduce the danger. It does not follow any defined pattern.

There is also competition between mixed production crops. It includes the production of two or more types of crops on the same farm at the same time without any specific pattern. Planting time on it may be the same or different. The same type of fertilizers and pesticides are administered to all types of crops.

What is intercropping?

Intercropping is the crop production method used to increase crop production. In this method, the same and the same care is given to all the growing crops. Their advantage is that at least one crop of them can be grown under favorable conditions. It generally examines a specific pattern for similar production of all crops. Its main purpose is to increase performance.

There is no competition between crops in the intercropping method. It is the process of producing two or more types of crops on the same farm at the same time but with a specific pattern. The planting time in the intercropping method is the same for all crops. But different or specific fertilizers and pesticides are used for specific crops.

Key differences

  1. There is no definite pattern in mixed crops; On the other side of the coin, there is a definite pattern in intercropping.
  2. The advantage of mixed cropping is to eliminate the dangers of crop failure; on the opposite side, the advantage of intercropping is to increase yield.
  3. The main objective of mixed cultivation is to take advantage of the space between two rows of crops; on the other hand, the main objective of intercropping is to produce at least one crop under favorable conditions.
  4. Mixed farming is the process where two or more crops can be grown at the same time on the same land; On the other hand, intercropping is the process where two or more crops are grown on the same land at the same time but in a different pattern.
  5. The seeds are combined before sowing in mixed crops; on the other hand, the seeds are not combined before sowing in intercropping.
  6. In mixed crops, the main crop is cared for more; On the other side of the coin, in intercropping, all crops receive the same care.
  7. In mixed farming, all crops receive the same fertilizers and pesticides; on the other hand, in intercropping, each crop receives specific fertilizers and pesticides.
  8. Planting time in mixed crops can be the same or different; on the opposite side, the sowing time in intercropping is the same for all crops.
  9. There is a competition between crops of mixed crops; on the other hand, there is no competition with intercropping.

Final Thought

The foregoing concludes that mixed crops are used to eliminate the dangers of bad harvests; on the other hand, intercropping is used to increase crop yields.

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