Persons

Difference Between Mexican and Hispanic

Main difference

Spanish is the second most popular language in the United States after English. It is for the Hispanic community residing in the United States, especially in Latin America. When referring to Spanish speakers or people of Spanish descent, terms like Hispanic and Mexican are used interchangeably. However, they can be easily differentiated since the Mexican nationality is, while the Hispanic is an ethnic group. Mexicans are the natives or citizens of Mexico regardless of their language or race, while Hispanics are the Spanish-speaking people, especially those of Latin American descent, residing in the United States.

Comparison chart

Mexican Hispanic
Gender Nationality ethnonym
Definition Mexicans are the natives or nationals of Mexico regardless of their language or race. Hispanics are Spanish-speaking people, especially those of Latin American descent, who reside in the US.
Idiom Spanish is the most popular language in Mexico, but that does not mean that all Mexicans speak Spanish. All Hispanics speak Spanish.
Country Generally Mexicans are people who live in Mexico. Hispanics are people who live in the United States.

What is Mexican?

Mexican is the native person, inhabitant or national of Mexico, regardless of their ethnicity or language. The vast majority of Mexico speaks Spanish fluently, as it is home to an overwhelmingly majority ethnic group, the mestizos (mixed Spanish and indigenous descent), which covers approximately more than 55% of the country’s total population. Spanish intensified in Mexico after the Spanish invasion in 1521. Although one can easily differentiate it between the Spanish spoken in Mexico and the Spanish spoken in Spain. A Mexican can also be Hispanic if he is a native Spanish speaker and is of Latin American descent.

What is Hispanic?

A Spanish-speaking person, especially one of Latin American descent, who lives in the United States is called Hispanic. A common mindset around the world is that all Spanish-speaking people residing anywhere in the world are Hispanic, but it’s really not that different from the Spanish-speaker as one has to be of Latin American descent and should have been living in the US. The problem arises when people believe that the Hispanic is a nationality or race like the Spanish, even though it is an ethnic group of Latin American descent. The United States government defines Hispanic as “a person having origin or ancestry in Mexico, Puerto Rico, Cuba, Central and South America, or any other Spanish culture.”

Mexican vs Hispanic

  • The Mexican is the nationality, while the Hispanic is an ethnic group.
  • Mexicans are the natives or citizens of Mexico regardless of their language or race, while Hispanics are the Spanish-speaking people, especially those of Latin American descent, residing in the United States.
  • Spanish is the most popular language in Mexico, but it does not mean that all Mexicans speak Spanish, on the other hand, all Hispanics speak Spanish.
  • Generally, Mexicans are people who live in Mexico, while Hispanics are people who live in the United States.
  • The vast majority of Mexico speaks Spanish fluently, as it is home to an overwhelmingly majority ethnic group, the mestizos (mixed Spanish and indigenous descent), which covers approximately more than 55% of the country’s total population.
  • A Mexican can also be Hispanic if he or she is a native Spanish speaker and is of Latin American descent.

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