Biology

Difference Between Male Reproductive System and Female Reproductive System

Main difference

The key difference between the male reproductive system and the female system is that the male reproductive system is designed only to produce sperm and transfer them to the female body, while the female reproductive system is designed to produce ovaries and a baby and promote their development.

Male reproductive system vs. female reproductive system

Reproduction is a fundamental character of life. It is a biological process by which organisms produce their young. The organs of the body that participate in this process are collectively known as the reproductive system. There are two main types of reproduction, asexual and sexual. Asexual reproduction is performed by a single parent, while sexual reproduction involves two types of parents, that is, male and female. In sexual reproduction, male and female gametes are produced by the male and female reproductive systems, respectively. These gametes are fertilized to form a zygote that implants in the woman’s body where further development of the baby takes place. Then,

Comparative chart

Male reproductive system Female reproductive system
The reproductive system that produces sperm and transfers them to the female body is known as the male reproductive system. The reproductive system that produces the eggs and where the implantation of the zygote and the development of the baby takes place is known as the female reproductive system.
Location
The male reproductive system is present outside the body around the pelvic region. The female reproductive system is present within the body.
Gametes
The male reproductive system produces sperm. The female reproductive system produces eggs.
Hormones
Androgen hormones and testosterone are produced in the male reproductive system. The hormones progesterone and estrogen are produced in the female reproductive system.
Parties
The important organs of the male reproductive system are the seminal vesicles, vas deferens, penis, prostate, Cowper’s gland, and scrotum (testes). The important organs of the female reproductive system are the vulva, vagina, clitoris, urethra, hymen, perineum, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, and mammary gland.
Features
Its important functions are the production of sperm and their transfer to the female body. Its important functions are the production of the ovum, receives and fertilizes the sperm, development of the embryo and provides food to the newborn through the mammary glands.
Diseases
The male reproductive system can have the following types of diseases, that is, infections (sexually transmitted diseases), cancers, genetic abnormalities, autoimmune disorders, infertility and Peyronie’s disease, etc. The female reproductive system can have the following types of diseases, that is, infections (sexually transmitted diseases), cancers, genetic abnormalities, autoimmune disorders, infertility and endometriosis, etc.
What is the male reproductive system?

The male reproductive system is a simple type of system compared to the female reproductive system. It involves the production of male gametes called sperm and transfers them to the female body for fertilization. The main male reproductive organs are the scrotum and penis, and they are located outside the body around the pelvic girdle. Because the sperm that are produced inside the scrotum require less temperature than the body. It is essential for the health of sperm. So the outer layer of the scrotum is made up of fat and acts as an insulator to prevent sperm from being damaged. In addition, the scrotum is made up of segments such as vas deferens, testes, epididymis, etc. The epididymis is the part of the scrotum where sperm mature and store and are then transferred to the vas deferens. The male reproductive system consists of many other important parts such as the seminal vesicles, the prostate gland, the bulbourethral gland, and the accessory gland. The seminal vesicle and accessory glands produce nourishing fluids for the lubrication of sperm, while the hormone produced in the testes is testosterone. Also, mature sperm are transferred to the penis. The penis transferred these sperm to the female genitalia for fertilization. the bulbourethral gland and the accessory gland. The seminal vesicle and accessory glands produce nourishing fluids for the lubrication of sperm, while the hormone produced in the testes is testosterone. Also, mature sperm are transferred to the penis. The penis transferred these sperm to the female genitalia for fertilization. the bulbourethral gland and the accessory gland. The seminal vesicle and accessory glands produce nourishing fluids for the lubrication of sperm, while the hormone produced in the testes is testosterone. Also, mature sperm are transferred to the penis. The penis transferred these sperm to the female genitalia for fertilization.

Diseases

There are many types of diseases of the male reproductive system, such as genetic abnormalities that can occur due to chromosomal mutations during cell division, infections (sexually transmitted diseases), cancers, autoimmune disorders, infertility, and Peyronie’s disease, etc.

What is the female reproductive system?

A female reproductive system is a more complex system with multiple functions. Its important functions are the production of female gametes (ovum), fertilization of the ovum and sperm, and further development of the fetus. It also provides nutrition to the newborn through the mammary glands. Although, the transfer of male sperm to female genitalia is essential for further development. The female reproductive system is present within the body near the pelvic region and has the entry and exit point in the vagina. Compared to the male reproductive system, female has separate openings for menstruation, urination, and sexual intercourse. The female reproductive system consists of the cervix, labia majora, labia minora, clitoris, fallopian tubes, hymen, ovaries, perineum, vulva, urethra and uterus, endometrium and myometrium. The female gonads or ovaries are two and are joined by the uterus through the fallopian tubes, while the uterus opens outward through the vagina and the cervix. After the mating of sperm and eggs (fertilization), the zygote embeds itself in the endometrial tissue in the uterus and begins its development into a fetus.

Diseases

There are also a large number of diseases of the female reproductive system such as genetic abnormalities, non-menstrual vaginal bleeding, vulvovaginitis, infections (sexually transmitted disease), ectopic pregnancy, ovarian tumors, ovarian cysts, polycystic ovary syndrome, toxic shock syndrome, infertility and endometriosis, etc.

Key differences

  1. The reproductive system that produces the sperm and transfers them to the female body is known as the male reproductive system, while the reproductive system that produces the eggs and where the implantation of the zygote and the development of the baby takes place is known as the female reproductive system.
  2. The male reproductive system is outside the body, while the female reproductive system is inside the body.
  3. The male reproductive system produces sperm, while the female reproductive system produces eggs.
  4. The hormones androgen and testosterone are produced in the male reproductive system, while the hormones progesterone and estrogen are produced in the female reproductive system.
  5. The important organs of the male reproductive system are the seminal vesicles, vas deferens, penis, prostate, Cowper’s gland and scrotum (testes), etc., but the female reproductive system is made up of vulva, vagina, clitoris, urethra, hymen, perineum, cervix and uterus. , Fallopian tubes, mammary gland.
  6. The male reproductive system involves the production of sperm and their transfer to the female body, while the female reproductive system involves the production of the egg, receives and fertilizes the sperm, the development of the embryo and provides nutrition to the newborn baby through the glands. mammary.
Final Thought

From the above discussion, it is concluded that the male reproductive system is located outside the body of the male and involves the production of sperm and transfers them to the female body while the female reproductive system is located within the body of the female and involves the production of eggs, fertilization of eggs and sperm and further development of the baby.

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