Difference between locomotion and movement

Main difference

The main difference between locomotion and movement is that locomotion is the displacement of the whole body, while movement is the displacement of a part of the body …

Locomotion versus movement

The process of locomotion helps organisms escape predators, find food, and protect them from harsh weather conditions. The process of movement helps organisms to perform different functions, for example, pumping blood throughout the body, digestion and respiration, etc. Locomotion in animals refers to the change of place like walking, etc .; on the other hand, movement in animals refers to any type of movement such as breathing, clapping, etc.

Some types of locomotion are air, which deals with flight and water, which belongs to swimming. The main type of movement is the movement of the muscles of the body. In the case of the floating body, locomotion requires essential energy. However, in the case of motion, it does not require essential energy. In the case of plants, they do not show locomotion. But in the case of plants, they show specific movements that take place inside.

It is also said that locomotion is the change in the position of an organism with respect to its environment, for example, traveling on a train from one place to another. The change in the position of a specific part of your body with respect to the whole body is known as movement, for example, up and down movement of the hands with respect to the body. Locomotion is the most visible form of energy expenditure stored by the body in the body. Movement is a less visible way of expending an organism’s stored energy.

Comparative chart
Locomotion Movement
Moving from one place to another is locomotion Displacement from the original position is movement
Requires energy Does not require energy
Show reaction
Always volunteer Whether voluntary or non-voluntary
Takes place
Organism level Biological level
Areal, aquatic, cursorial, fossorial, arboreal, etc. Amoeboid, ciliary and muscular movement

What is locomotion?

If an organism moves to change its position from one place to another, it is known as locomotion. In the process of locomotion, appendages such as flagella, wings, limbs, etc. are involved. In the case of animals such as whales, sharks and other fish, locomotion is carried out with the help of muscle contractions in the form of waves. Through locomotion, organisms can search for food and protect themselves from harsh weather conditions. It also helps organisms escape predators. Swimming, walking, running, etc. are some examples of locomotion.

The word locomotion refers to moving the entire body of an organism. In humans, locomotion means walking or running from one place to another. Humans also use different means of transportation like cars, trains, airplanes, etc. to get from one place to another. In the case of birds, locomotion means flying using wings. In the case of fish, locomotion is carried out by swimming with the help of the tail, fins, etc. Organisms that do not have special organs to move achieve locomotion using wind from water, etc.

Locomotion in humans and other animals is not easy to understand because more than running, jumping, walking, sliding, flying, etc. They are not the only means of transportation. Humans use advanced and technological forms of locomotion. The biological means of locomotion of microorganisms such as hydra are very interesting. Amoeba shows locomotion with the help of making pseudopods, Chlamydomonas moves with the help of flagella, and paramecium locates using cilia.

What is movement?

The state of changing the position from rest to motions is known as motion. This process of movement helps organisms perform different vital functions. Movement is also said to be any type of movement. It can be a voluntary or involuntary reaction; for example, walking is a voluntary movement; on the other hand, breathing is a type of involuntary movement. Movement is not level specific; it can take place at all levels.

Based on movement, locomotion is also an example of movement. All organisms show movement at all different levels, eg tissue, organ, cell, etc. of the whole organism. When walking, the muscles of animals are designed for walking, and the muscles contact and relax according to the movement. Muscles or sets of muscles are required to perform the movement by contraction and relaxation. All voluntary movements are in control of the organism. Talk, walk, write, etc. They are the kind of voluntary movements.

However, involuntary movements are not under the control of the body. For example, the beating of our heart, the movement of our stomach, while the digestion of food and other movement of our digestive system during the digestion of food are examples of involuntary movements. In the oral cavity, chewing and swallowing are examples of voluntary movement. In addition to this, it is interesting to know that the respiratory process is an involuntary movement, but it can also be controlled if desired. In addition to voluntary and involuntary movement, it is also noted that in biological processes there is also a large number of cellular movements.

Key differences
  1. Locomotion displaces the entire organism, while movement displaces only a specific part of the body.
  2. Locomotion helps the body hide from predators and search for food; on the other hand, movement helps the body to perform different functions.
  3. Animals generally show locomotion; on the contrary, plants show movement rather than locomotion.
  4. In locomotion position, change; on the other hand, the movement position does not change.
  5. Locomotion is necessary for movement, while movement is necessary for action.
  6. Locomotion is the most visible activity, although movement is the least visible activity.
  7. The locomotion process occurs at a higher organizational level as an organism level compared to the movement process, which occurs at the tissue level.
  8. More energy is required in locomotion compared to movement, which requires less energy and sometimes none at all.
  9. Locomotion is classified as involuntary actions. However, in the case of organisms, the movement could be classified as a voluntary or involuntary reaction.
  10. Locomotion is not restricted to one point on the other side movement is restricted to one point.

Final Thought

It is concluded that locomotion refers to the change of place and movement refers only to an action or movement.

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