Difference between Liberalism and Neoliberalism

Liberalism and neoliberalism

Liberalism is a political philosophy that protects individual freedom, initiative, equality before the law and limits state intervention in social, cultural and economic life. Neoliberalism, meanwhile, is a capitalist economic and political current infused with liberalism with some limited level of interventionism.


It is a political philosophy that protects freedom, equality before the law, private initiative and that limits the intervention of the State and public powers in the social, cultural and economic visa. It is an attitude that raises freedom and tolerance in human relationships, is based on free will and the principle of non-aggression.

It raises the sum of civil and economic freedoms. Liberalism faces absolutism, despotism, conservatism and authoritarian, dictatorial and totalitarian systems. The rule of law is based on this line of thought, as well as representative democracy and the separation of powers.

Liberalism was a movement of extensive projection (at an economic, philosophical and political level), which defended the development of individual personal freedom with the aim of achieving progress in society.


Also called the new liberalism and is a creative capitalist economic and political current in reformed classical liberalism with a limited level of interventionism.

The term neoliberalism is related to policies that seek to support a liberalization of the economy, trade in general, reductions in public spending and taxes, as well as a reduction in state intervention in society and the economy in favor of the private sector. by consumers and businesses.

The use and definition of this term has varied over time and today there is no consolidated definition. In general, the left uses it as a philosophy associated with the right or extreme right with the aim of encompassing within the spectrum of liberalism, conservatism, feudalism or fascism.

Difference Between Liberalism and Neoliberalism

  • Neoliberalism seeks the minimum participation of the State in the economy of a country and a minimum intervention in the market.
  • Neoliberalism seeks the free movement of international capital and seeks investment from multinationals.
  • Neoliberalism resists excessive taxes and levies, wants to increase production and avoids price controls on products and services by the State. This philosophy is based on capitalism.
  • Liberalism was a sequel to Enlightenment thought. John Locke is considered to be the father of this type of political thought.
  • Liberalism protects the natural rights of people, the separation of the State from religion and seeks to subtract state intervention in social, cultural and economic aspects of a country.
  • The democratic revolutions were based on liberalism.

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