In this sense, language and dialect are two forms of oral communication typical of human beings and that, like tongue and language, are two terms that can generate certain confusion in many people. For this reason, in this article we present the definitions of language and dialect and then highlight the differences that derive from them.
Language is understood as the language spoken in a town or nation and that the majority of its inhabitants use to communicate and characterize them. There are more than six thousand languages in the entire world, which differ from each other, in view of the codes they use to communicate and the rules of pronunciation and writing.
Languages are politically determined, since they officially identify nations and peoples. Generally, this is determined by the government through the constitution or certain laws. However, each country can have more than one official language, as is the case in Canada, where the official languages are English and French.
Also, the language can have different variants called dialects, according to localities and different groups of people, their origins and cultures. In addition to this, it is valid to say that every language is a language, since language is the verbal and written communication system of a human community. That is why both words are often used as synonyms, but unlike language, language has its own literary corpus, which is understood as the written production of a language. In addition, the language has a long documented history on the reasons and origins of the use of that language in each country.
Dialect is understood as the different variations of the language or general language of a given country or nation. Dialects are often determined by cultural, racial, regional and even geographical differences, which define the different communities that live in the same country.
Similarly, these may have the same grammatical features of the language but may not share the same pronunciation and vocabulary. For this reason, it often happens that in some regions of the same country different words are used than those used in another region to refer to the same object or situation. In short, you can be in the presence of different dialects within the same language.
In attention to the approaches indicated, it can be said that the main differences between language and dialect are:
- The languages are the language that identifies and characterizes a people or nation while the dialects are the variations that are derived from the languages.
- Dialects may use different words or have different pronunciations but they belong to the same language.
- Languages are determined by the linguistic system that identifies a country while dialects are determined by the social, cultural and geographical differences of a certain region or area of a country.
- Language is a general system common to all or most of the inhabitants of a given country, while dialects are more specific and are associated with the different geographical regions in the same country.