Chemistry

Difference Between Kinetic Energy and Potential Energy

Main difference

As we know that energy is the ability of the physical system to perform different tasks, without it no work can be done. When work is done, energy is transferred from one body to another as external force, or sources are always applied in the process of work done. At the same time, it is worth mentioning that energy can neither be created nor destroyed. Around everything in the world there is energy, but that doesn’t mean that energy always makes sure work gets done. The energy can even be stored within the body. By the state of the object with even possessing energy, we have mainly two types of energy. One of which is kinetic energy and the other is potential energy. Since they both have the SI unit joule, people often found it difficult to tell the difference between both types of energy. Kinetic energy is the type of energy that a body possesses due to the property of being in motion. Contrary to this, potential energy is the type of energy that a body possesses by virtue of its position is known as potential energy.

Comparison chart

Kinetic energy Potential energy
Definition Kinetic energy is the type of energy that a body possesses due to the property of being in motion. Potential energy is the type of energy that a body possesses by virtue of its position is known as potential energy.
Transferable Yes Potential energy is non-transferable from one object to another.
relative to The kinetic energy is evaluated according to the surroundings of the object. Potential energy is energy not relative to the surroundings of the object.
Types Vibrational energy, rotational energy and translational energy. Elastic energy, gravitational energy, electrical energy, chemical energy and nuclear energy.
What is kinetic energy?

Kinetic energy is the type of energy that a body possesses by virtue of being in motion. In other words, we can say that kinetic energy keeps the object moving. The motion of the object is evaluated relative to the object’s surroundings. If the object changes position relative to the environment, it is said to be in motion. When the object is at rest, and we pull on it, but due to a heavy mass, it does not move. To make it move, we apply more force to it. Finally, the object is set in motion. Throughout this process, energy is transferred from one body to another to produce an acceleration in the object that carries a certain mass that is known as kinetic energy. Kinetic energy is directly dependent on speed and mass; the greater the speed and mass, the more the kinetic energy of the body. When the moving object finally stops, then the kinetic energy is converted into potential energy that puts one object above the rest. A misconception prevails here that energy comes to an end, so the motion of the object stops, but that is not the case, as energy can neither be created nor destroyed. The energy changes phase from kinetic energy to potential energy, bringing the object to the rest position. The main types of kinetic energy are vibrational energy, rotational energy, and translational energy. but that is not the case since energy can neither be created nor destroyed. The energy changes phase from kinetic energy to potential energy, bringing the object to the rest position. The main types of kinetic energy are vibrational energy, rotational energy, and translational energy. but that is not the case since energy can neither be created nor destroyed. The energy changes phase from kinetic energy to potential energy, bringing the object to the rest position. The main types of kinetic energy are vibrational energy, rotational energy, and translational energy.

What is potential energy?

The energy that a body possesses by virtue of its position relative to others, tensions within itself, electric charge and other factors is known as potential energy, that is, we can say that the potential energy that the object tries to maintain is the potential energy . resting state. It acts as an antagonist of movement and kinetic energy; if the speed of the moving object increases, it means that the potential energy has decreased. On the other hand, when the speed of the moving object increases, the potential energy increases. Potential energy is also known as restoring energy, as it returns the object to its original state, the state of rest. The other types of potential energy are elastic energy, gravitational energy, electrical energy, chemical energy, and nuclear energy.

Kinetic Energy vs. Potential Energy
  • Kinetic energy is the type of energy that a body possesses due to the property of being in motion. Contrary to this, potential energy is the type of energy that a body possesses by virtue of its position is known as potential energy.
  • Kinetic energy can be transferred from one object to another, while potential energy is not transferable from one object to another.
  • The kinetic energy is evaluated according to the environment of the object, while the potential energy is the one not relative to the environment of the object.
  • The types of potential energy are elastic energy, gravitational energy, electrical energy, chemical energy, and nuclear energy. The main types of kinetic energy are vibrational energy, rotational energy, and translational energy.

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