Biology

Difference between ketosis and ketoacidosis

Main difference

The main difference between ketosis and ketoacidosis is that ketosis is a metabolic state, whereas ketoacidosis is a complication of diabetes and occurs when the body produces high levels of acids in the blood called ketones.

Ketosis versus ketoacidosis

A low-carb diet is a trigger for ketosis, while poor diabetes control is a primary trigger for ketoacidosis. Other triggers for CAD include stress, heart attack, alcohol abuse, drug abuse, some medications, severe dehydration, some serious illnesses (sepsis, pancreatitis, heart attack), and malnutrition. One symptom of ketosis is bad breath. Ketones are broken down for use as a fuel source and acetone is one of the products that is excreted from the body in urine and breath and causes bad breath or a fruity odor.While in the case of ketoacidosis, the symptoms of the disease is extreme thirst, dehydration, nausea, vomiting, frequent urination, stomach pain, tiredness,

Comparative chart

Ketosis Ketoacidosis
Ketosis is a metabolic state of the body in which the body begins to produce ketones at high levels. Ketoacidosis is a serious complication of diabetes in which the body produces high levels of ketones.
Symptoms
Fatigue, weakness, memory problems, poor concentration, feeling cold, anemia, mood swings, frequent malaise. High blood glucose, high urine ketones, thirst, urination, dry skin, exhaustion
Diagnosis
Blood test Blood test
Causes
Ketone diet Diabetes type 1
Treatment
There is no need Oral fluid, electrolyte replacement, IV insulin

What is ketosis?

Ketosis is also known as nutritional ketosis, and it occurs when the body begins to use fat instead of glucose as a fuel source. The liver breaks down fats into ketones and releases them into the bloodstream. The body uses these ketones for energy. It is a normal metabolic process of the body. Ketosis is due to the ketogenic diet that aims to induce nutritional ketosis. The ketogenic diet is also called a low carb diet or a ketogenic diet. People often do this by eating foods that are high in fat but very low in carbohydrates. In this way it has become popular to burn fat and lose weight. Doctors initially developed this ketogenic diet to treat children with epilepsy. This diet involves eating 3 to 4 grams of fat for every 1 g of carbohydrates and protein. According to the Epilepsy Foundation, Research has shown that more than 50% of children who tried the diet have half the rate of seizures, while 10-15% are seizure free. Doctors do not explain why this diet reduces some symptoms of epilepsy. Research data shows that this ketogenic diet helps with some other neurological disorders, for example, Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease. But if the level of ketones in the body rises as a result of ketosis, ketoacidosis can eventually occur, which is a fatal complication. A ketogenic diet can have many harmful effects, such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and metabolic syndrome. Research data shows that this ketogenic diet helps with some other neurological disorders, for example, Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease. But if the level of ketones in the body rises as a result of ketosis, ketoacidosis can eventually occur, which is a fatal complication. A ketogenic diet can have many harmful effects, such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and metabolic syndrome. Research data shows that this ketogenic diet helps with some other neurological disorders, for example, Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease. But if the level of ketones in the body rises as a result of ketosis, eventually ketoacidosis can occur, which is a fatal complication. A ketogenic diet can have many harmful effects,

What is ketoacidosis?

Ketoacidosis is a potential complication of type 1 diabetes, and in this, the body feels hungry and begins to break down fats and proteins quickly. It is also known as diabetic ketoacidosis. If the body does not have enough insulin, the body cannot transfer glucose from the blood to the cells where energy is needed. Consequently, glucose and ketones build up in the blood to dangerous levels. Doctors called it diabetic ketoacidosis. Doctors can use blood and urine tests to diagnose the weather condition such as ketoacidosis or ketosis. During nutritional ketosis, you are expected to have blood ketone levels of about 0.5 to 3.0 millimoles per liter. A person should check their ketone level if their blood glucose levels are above 240 milligrams per deciliter. People with type 1 diabetes are at high risk of developing ketoacidosis if ketone levels in the blood are higher. Although diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a rapidly progressing medical emergency, it can also be managed. Doctors treat this condition in a hospital or emergency room with insulin therapy with fluid and electrolyte replacement. Most people with CAD will need to stay in the hospital for monitoring. As ketone levels in the blood return to normal, doctors may recommend additional tests to find out if a person has other risk factors for ketoacidosis. People with diabetes can reduce the risk of ketoacidosis by monitoring blood glucose levels regularly, testing urine for ketones, avoiding exercise if ketones are present in urine, and taking insulin as directed by the doctor. Although diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a rapidly progressing medical emergency, it can also be managed. Doctors treat this condition in a hospital or emergency room with insulin therapy with fluid and electrolyte replacement. Most people with CAD will need to stay in the hospital for monitoring. As ketone levels in the blood return to normal, doctors may recommend additional tests to find out if a person has other risk factors for ketoacidosis. People with diabetes can reduce the risk of ketoacidosis by checking blood glucose levels regularly, testing urine for ketones, avoiding exercise if ketones are present in urine, and taking insulin as directed by the doctor. Although diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a rapidly progressing medical emergency, it can also be managed. Doctors treat this condition in a hospital or emergency room with insulin therapy with fluid and electrolyte replacement. Most people with CAD will need to stay in the hospital for monitoring. As ketone levels in the blood return to normal, doctors may recommend additional tests to find out if a person has other risk factors for ketoacidosis. People with diabetes can reduce the risk of ketoacidosis by checking blood glucose levels regularly, testing urine for ketones, avoiding exercise if ketones are present in urine, and taking insulin as directed by the doctor. Doctors treat this condition in a hospital or emergency room with insulin therapy with fluid and electrolyte replacement. Most people with CAD will need to stay in the hospital for monitoring. As ketone levels in the blood return to normal, doctors may recommend additional tests to find out if a person has other risk factors for ketoacidosis. People with diabetes can reduce the risk of ketoacidosis by checking blood glucose levels regularly, testing urine for ketones, avoiding exercise if ketones are in your urine and taking insulin as directed by your doctor. Doctors treat this condition in a hospital or emergency room with insulin therapy with fluid and electrolyte replacement. Most people with CAD will need to stay in the hospital for monitoring. As ketone levels in the blood return to normal, doctors may recommend additional tests to find out if a person has other risk factors for ketoacidosis. People with diabetes can reduce the risk of ketoacidosis by monitoring blood glucose levels regularly, testing urine for ketones, avoiding exercise if ketones are present in urine, and taking insulin as directed by the doctor.

Key differences

  1. Ketosis is generally safe, while ketoacidosis can be dangerous to the body.
  2. Ketosis is due to a ketogenic diet, while ketoacidosis is due to type 1 diabetes.
  3. Ketosis can be relieved without seeking any treatment, whereas for ketoacidosis, treatment is required.
  4. Ketosis can lead to weight loss and bad breath, while ketoacidosis can lead to death.
Final Thought

It has been concluded that ketosis and ketoacidosis are the same medical conditions in which the body begins to produce a high level of ketones, but ketosis is safe and ketoacidosis is a life-threatening condition.

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