Technology

Difference between JDBC and ODBC

Main difference

JDBC stands for Java Database Connectivity program and becomes an application programming interface where it is possible to define how a user accesses the database. For the complete programming language, it comes with the standard edition through Oracle Corporation. On the other hand, ODBC stands for Open Database Connectivity program and it becomes a standard interface for application programming called API that helps with information access through database management system called DBMS.

Comparison chart

Basis of Distinction JDBC ODBC
Definition An application programming interface where it is possible to define how a user gets access to the database. A standard interface for application programming called API that helps with access to information through the database management system called DBMS.
Name Java Database Connectivity Program Open the database connectivity program.
Source Introduced by Oracle in 1996. Introduced by Microsoft in 1992.
Dependence It depends on factors like language and platform and only accepts those that come from Java. It comes as a stand-alone platform for both style and location.
Use It only becomes concrete for applications used by the Java system. It becomes suitable for different applications regardless of its origin.

What is JDBC?

JDBC stands for Java Database Connectivity program and becomes an application programming interface where it is possible to define how a user accesses the database. For the complete programming language, it comes with the standard edition through Oracle Corporation. Java Database Connectivity (JDBC) is an application programming interface (API) for the Java programming dialect, which characterizes how a client can access a database. It is a part of the Java Standard Edition scenario, from Oracle Corporation. It provides strategies for querying and updating information in a database and is organized in social databases. A JDBC to ODBC connection enables associations with any available ODBC information source on the Java virtual machine (JVM) that has the condition. The application program interface gives you the opportunity to encode the get to demand joints in Structured Query Language (SQL) which are then passed to the program that handles the database. Restore results through a comparable interface. JDBC is fundamentally the same as the SQL Access Group’s Open Database Connectivity (ODBC), and with a small “extension” program, you can use the JDBC interface to access databases through the ODBC interface. For example, you could compose a program to access numerous known database elements at various stages of the framework.

What is ODBC?

ODBC stands for Open Database Connectivity program and it becomes a standard application programming interface called API that helps with accessing information through the database management system called DBMS. ODBC achieves DBMS autonomy by using an ODBC driver as the interpretation layer between the application and the DBMS. The application uses ODBC jobs through an ODBC driver driver that it connects to, and the driver passes the query to the DBMS. An ODBC driver can be thought of as similar to a printer driver or other driver, providing a standard arrangement of capabilities for the application to use and execute a particular DBMS utility. It is essential to understand that ODBC aims to discover the capabilities of databases, not complement them. Along these lines, application authors should not expect the use of ODBC to abruptly turn a simple database into a fully featured social database engine. DBMS-specific driver engineers implement capabilities in the ODBC API. Applications call the capabilities of these drivers to autonomously obtain information with the DBMS. A driver manager monitors the correspondence between applications and drivers. Open Database Connectivity (ODBC) is an open standard application programming interface (API) for accessing a database. By using the ODBC explanations in one program, you can access records in many different databases, including Access, dBase, DB2, Excel, and Text.

Key differences

  1. JDBC becomes an application programming interface where it becomes possible to define how a user accesses the database. For the complete programming language, it comes with the standard edition through Oracle Corporation. Whereas, ODBC becomes a standard application programming interface called API that helps with accessing information through the database management system called DBMS.
  2. JDBC stands for Java Database Connectivity program, on the other hand, ODBC stands for Open Database Connectivity program.
  3. Since the Open Database Connectivity program becomes suitable for different applications regardless of its creator, it becomes more common among people who use such programs. On the other hand, the Java Database Connectivity program only becomes specific to the applications used by the Java system.
  4. JDBC therefore depends on factors such as language and platform and only accepts those from Java. On the other hand, ODBC is presented as platform independent for both style and location.
  5. The encoding methods that come with JDBC are relatively easy to read and therefore understand. On the other hand, the existing encoding methods throughout the ODBC have a complicated nature and thus become complex.
  6. Microsoft introduced ODBC in the year 1992, while Java introduced JDBC in 1996.
  7. Software engineers can write applications that are associated with databases, submitting queries written in Organized Query Dialect (SQL) while using ODBC. On the other hand, software engineers cannot write applications or submit queries unless the system supports Java and processes the results.

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