Food

Difference between Japonica and Indica

Main difference

The main difference between japonica and indica is that japonica grain is rounded, short, does not break easily and has 10-24% amylose, while indica grain is thin, somewhat flat, long to short and has a 23- 31% amylose.

Japonica vs. India

The japonica rice grain is rounded, short, does not break easily, the spikelets are without edges or with long edges and have 10-24% amylose, while the indica grain is thin, somewhat flat, long to short, the spikelets have no edges, break more easily and have 23 -31% amylose. Japonica rice grows all over the world in temperate and mountainous areas, on the other hand, indica rice grows well near the equator. Japonica cultivated in Japan and Korea, on the contrary, indica is mainly cultivated in the Philippines, Indonesia, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka and African countries. Japonica rice grain is two to three times as long as its actual width, on the other hand, Indica rice grain is four to five times as long as its actual width. Japonica is wet and shiny white rice, sticky used in sushi and Asian dishes, while indica rice when cooked, rice is fluffy, with separate grains. Japonica rice is high-yield rice, while indica rice is low-yield rice. Japonica ranges in size from medium grain size / short grain size, while indica is only long grain rice. The Japanese prefer the two of Japonica are Akita Komachi and Koshihikari, while the two indica varieties are the well-known Basmati and Jasmine. while indica is only long grain rice. The Japanese prefer the two of Japonica are Akita Komachi and Koshihikari, while the two indica varieties are the well-known Basmati and Jasmine. while indica is only long grain rice. The Japanese prefer the two of Japonica are Akita Komachi and Koshihikari, while the two indica varieties are the well-known Basmati and Jasmine.

Comparative chart
Japanese rose bush Indicates
The rice grain, which is rounded, short, does not break easily and has 10-24% amylose, is japonica. Rice grain that is thin, somewhat flat, long to short, breaks easily and has 23-31% amylose is indica.
Plant height
Short High
It is grown in
Japan and Korea Philippines, Indonesia, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka and African countries
Grain size
Two to three times as long as the width Four to five times as long as the width
Photoperiod
Not sensitive Sensitive
accommodation
Is not easy Easily
Low temperature
Tolerant Sensitive
Grain crushing
Under Easily
Grain texture
Sticky Not sticky
Grain type
Short and round Long to medium
Grain amylase
10-24% 23-31%

What is Japonica?

Japonica is a type of rice varieties from North and East China and is extensively cultivated in some areas of the world. Japonica is found in the colder areas of the subtropics and also in the temperate zones. Japonica is grown primarily in Japan, China, Taiwan, and Korea. Japonica is a comparatively short plant with narrow, medium-tall tillers and dark green leaves. The japonica rice grain is short and round; They do not break easily and have an amylose content of 10-24%, which makes them moist and sticky when cooked. Japonica is the moist, shiny, sticky white rice used in sushi. The japonica rice grain is two to three times as long as its actual width. Japonica rice is a high-yielding rice. Japonica ranges in size from medium grain size / short grain size. Medium grain rice is more moist and glutinous than long grain rice, which is ideal for Asian and Mediterranean dishes that call for paella, creaminess, such as risotto and sushi. The Japanese most favor the two varieties of Japonica are Akita Komachi and Koshihikari.

What is Indica?

Indica is the main type of rice grown in the tropics and subtropics, it grows well near the equator. Indica is most cultivated in the Philippines, Indonesia, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, central and southern China, and African countries. Indica plants are tall, light green in color, with wide to narrow leaves. Indica rice grain is long to short, somewhat flat, thin, tends to break more easily, and has a high amylose content of 23 to 31%, making it more flaky and dry when cooked. Indica rice grain is four to five times as long as its actual width. Indica is low-yielding rice. Indica is longer to medium grain rice. The two varieties of Indica are the well-known Basmati and Jasmine.

Key differences

  1. The japonica rice grain is rounded, short, does not break easily, the spikelets have no or long edges and have 10-24% amylose, while the indica grain is thin, somewhat flat, long to short, the spikelets have no edges, break more easily and have 23 -31% amylose.
  2. Japonica rice grows all over the world in temperate and mountainous areas, on the other hand, indica rice grows well near the equator.
  3. Japonica grown in Japan and Korea, on the other hand, indica is grown mainly in the Philippines, Indonesia, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, and African countries.
  4. Japonica is the moist, shiny, sticky white rice used in sushi and Asian dishes, while indica rice when cooked, the rice is fluffy, with separate grains.
  5. The japonica rice grain is two to three times as long as its actual width, on the other hand, the indica rice grain is four to five times as long as its actual width.
  6. Japonica rice is a high-yield rice while indica is a low-yield rice.
  7. Japonica ranges in size from medium grain size / short grain size, while indica is only long grain rice.
  8. The Japanese most favor the two varieties of Japonica are Akita Komachi and Koshihikari, while the two indica varieties are the well-known Basmati and Jasmine.
Final Thought

The above discussion concludes that the japonica grain is rounded, short, not easily broken and has 10-24% amylose, while the indica grain is thin, somewhat flat, long to short and has 23-31% amylose.

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