Difference Between Italian and Sicilian

Main difference

When looking at different languages, there is always the impression that they are somehow related to each other. This variation is due to the fact that many words and their rhythm are similar to each other. Italian and Sicilian are two of those that have originated in the same place but are different. Their main difference may be the places where they speak. Italian is the language that became common in many parts of the world; the most famous include Italy itself, Switzerland, Vatican City, Croatia, and a few other parts. Whereas, Sicilian only exists on the island of Sicily and a few other parts.

Comparison chart

Basis of Distinction Italian Sicilian
Source Rome Italy. Sicily, Italy
Native speakers 65 million 4.5 million
Total Speakers 85 million 0.5 million
Distinction It is the third largest language that exists within the European Union. It is one of the least spoken languages ​​in the world.
Condition It is considered to be progressing at a rapid rate. Added in the languages ​​spawned by UNESCO
Value Considered a romance language. Considered a vulgar language that receives frequent criticism.
countries Italy, Switzerland, San Marino, Vatican City, Slovenia and Croatia. Sicily and some migrants.
Relationship Closer to Latin Closer to Italian


Italian is the language spoken in many parts of the world; the most famous include Italy itself, Switzerland, Vatican City, Croatia, and a few other parts. There are more than 65 million people in the world and they act as native speakers of this language, that is, only in the EU, while the total number of those people increases to 85 million worldwide. The reason why it becomes so important is that it is the closest language to Latin, for the most part, it remains active on the basis of many other languages. Second, the usage comes as the official language of Vatican City, which is the holiest place among Christians. The word itself originated from Tuscan writers who used it as a basis for poetry and other artistic works they made in the 12th century.century and since then it began to gain popularity and is currently the third most spoken in the European Union. Therefore, it is considered a poetic language and has been used in such works ever since. It has not deviated from the Latin manuscript and thus has a solid foundation when it comes to words and phrases. When the ear of the Renaissance began, Italian began to be used in the courts of all the states; this helped establish him properly in the official world. It became even more important when Napoleon attacked Italy in the 19th century.century; this attack united many parts of the country, which spoke different versions, and helped make it a language that spread unanimously among the people. It also has its roots in Africa, where Italy ruled some of the countries. Therefore, people still speak the language, although it is not that common among them, but the main source of language speakers still comes from European countries.Sicilian

Sicilian is the language that originated in Italy, but it is relatively different from Italian. It is specific to the parts of the country like Sicily that it is home to, and some others like Calabria, Campania and Apulia. Since it is unique in some parts, the total number of native speakers of this language is not much, almost 5 million people around the world are called native speakers of this language, and it has been in decline for a long time. This fact is the reason why the United Nations classifies it as a minority language and measures are being taken to preserve it. It is also a poetic style but the oldest of the local ones. That said, it is also considered vulgar language and therefore harshly criticized by various sectors that argue against its consideration as romantic. It is also common among migrants arriving on the Island of Sicily and other places such as the United States and Canada. It is not an official language of any country, and there is no one to help regulate it and create specific rules under which it is used. Although some institutions have been regularly researching and working to improve and preserve the language. It also contains different dialects, and below them, it can be used, these include Western Sicilian, Southeastern Metaphonetic, and Ennese, along with many more. Although it is close to Italian there are still many differences between them and they can be explained and seen along the way; the spoken words. It is safe to say that they have the closest relationship with Italians since they are part of the same country, therefore,

Key differences

  1. Italian is the third largest language spoken in the European Union, while Sicilian is not as extensive and is spoken in few parts of Italy and in some other immigrant societies.
  2. There are proper rules and sets of principles under which the Italian language is spoken throughout the world, while there are no such rules or institutions regulating the Sicilian language.
  3. The Italian language is used to write poetry and other artistic works throughout the world, while the Sicilian language is considered a crude and vulgar language.
  4. There are more than 65 million native speakers of the Italian language, while the total number worldwide reaches 85 million, while there are only 5 million native speakers of the Sicilian language in the world today.
  5. Italian is the mother tongue of countries such as Italy, Switzerland, San Marino, Vatican City, Slovenia (Slovene Istria) and Croatia (Istria County), while the Sicilian language is native to people living on the island of Sicily in Italy.
  6. Italian is a language that is considered to be closest to Latin which has become the basis of all modern ones, while Sicilian is the furthest from Latin but closely linked to Italian.
  7. Sicilian is included in the UNESCO heritage language due to the smaller number of people who speak it.

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