Difference Between Isotope and Radioisotope

Main difference

The main difference between isotope and radioisotope is that isotope is the element which has the same number of protons but different atomic mass number whereas radioisotope is also actually the isotopes but in unstable form and undergoes decay. chemical to stabilize.

Isotope vs Radioisotope

Isotope is defined as the atom of the same element having the same atomic number, but different atomic mass number; on the other hand, the radioisotope are also the isotopes but in an unstable form and they produce radiation to stabilize themselves. Isotopes can be present in two forms i.e. stable or unstable; on the other hand, radioisotopes are present in a single unstable form. In isotopes, stable isotopes do not emit radiation, but unstable isotopes do emit radiation, while all radioactive isotopes emit radiation.

Isotopes can occur in elemental or combined form; on the other hand, radioisotopes are present in one form for a short period. The isotope in stable form does not have a half-life, but the unstable ones have a half-life; On the other hand, all radioactive elements have a half-life period. An isotope of stable forms that has a stable but not an unstable nucleus; on the other hand, all radioactive isotopes have an unstable nucleus. The isotopes of stable form do not contain radioactivity but the unstable ones show this property; however, all radioisotope elements show this property.

Isotopes are used in an application where radioactivity is not used while radioisotopes are used in radioactive applications such as DNA analysis. Stable isotopes do not include this half-life property, and unstable isotopes have a very long half-life property; however, in radioisotopes, the half-life property is very short. Examples of isotopes are i.e. hydrogen like protium, deuterium and tritium while example of radioisotopes is i.e. radium, rubidium etc.

Comparison chart

Isotope Radioisotope
It is the number of atoms that have the same atomic number but different atomic mass numbers. They are the isotopes but in an unstable form and they emit radiation.
Types
It is present in two forms i.e. stable or unstable. It is only present in unstable form.
Stability
Stable isotopes do not emit radiation and are stable, but unstable ones emit to become stable. Radioisotopes emit radiation each time to stabilize.
Idea
It is present in elemental form in a combinatorial way. It is present in only one form for a very short period.
Applications
It is used in those places where the use of radioactive materials is not allowed. It is used in a radioactive method such as DNA analysis.
Property of Half-Life
Some isotopes generally have no half-life property, but in some isotopes, it is very long. The half-life property is very short in radioisotopes.
core stability
The isotope nucleus is very stable and does not radiate energy. The radioisotope nucleus is very unstable and decays very frequently.
deals
It is used in our treatments and applications of daily life. It is used in the treatment of cancer, which is cured by radiation.

What is the isotope?

Isotope is the atom that has the number of atoms, that is, the same atomic number, but a different atomic mass number. It is of two types i.e. stable and unstable. Stable isotopes that have a stable nucleus and do not radiate energy to become stable. Stable isotopes do not radiate energy, but unstable isotopes radiate energy to stabilize themselves.

Isotopes are present in combinatorial or elemental form. It has a wide application. It is used in places where the use of radioactive elements is not allowed, for example, in different medical treatments. Stable isotopes do not generally have any half-life property, but unstable isotopes have a very long half-life property.

The stable isotope does not emit the radiation to stabilize itself. Isotopes are also considered as an atom with a specific mass number. For example, the isotopes of hydrogen are protium, deuterium, and tritium.

What is radioisotope?

It is the isotope that is in an unstable form and emits radiation to stabilize itself. These pf-type isotopes are only present in radioactive form. Radioisotopes emit radiation every time to stabilize. It is present only in one form for a short period. The radioisotope decays each time. It has wide use in medical treatment, i.e. DNA analysis. The half-life property of radioisotopes is very small.

The radioisotope is only present in one form and its half-life is very short. Every radioisotope has a very unstable nucleus. Radioisotopes do not have any type or class. Radioisotopes also have numerous applications in different fields due to their radioactive decay property, which causes the emission of radioactive rays from the nucleus.

The radioactive decay of radioisotopes is of three types i.e. alpha radiations, beta radiations and gemma radiations. Radioisotopes are high radiation and are used in great potency for generations.

Key differences

  1. An isotope of different atoms in an element having the same atomic number but different mass numbers, while radioisotope is also the isotopes but in an unstable condition.
  2. The isotope is of two forms i.e. stable or unstable; on the other hand, the radioisotope has only one form, which is an unstable isotope.
  3. The isotope is present in two forms, ie elemental or combinatorial form; conversely, radioisotopes are present in only one form.
  4. An isotope in stable form does not produce radiation; on the other hand, the radioisotope becomes stable by radioactive decay.
  5. The isotope is used in non-radioactive treatments while the radioisotope is used in radioactive treatments such as in the treatment of cancer patients.
  6. The isotope does not have the property of half-life while the radioisotope has the property of half-life.

Final Thought

The above discussion concludes that isotope is an atom of elements having the same atomic number but different atomic mass number while radioisotope is also an isotope but in an unstable form.

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