# Difference between IRR and NPV

Main difference

NPV means “Net Present Value” and IRR means “Internal Rate of Return”. Both NPV and IRR are the two tools used to estimate the cost of any new project. The higher the value of these two parameters, the more profitable the investment is considered. These tools are used to judge whether the new project is favorable or profitable to launch or not. These two parameters are different from each other. The expression of both terms is different from each other. The IRR is expressed as a percentage, while the NPV is expressed in terms of currency. IRR is used to evaluate projects with changing cash flows, but NPV cannot evaluate projects with changing cash flows. The AS method represents IRR in percentage, so it is much more understandable to the manager with return concepts. .

## What is the IRR?

IRR stands for “Internal Rate of Return”, which is a tool used for capital budgeting. Capital budgeting is a process to assess the feasibility of return on investment. Judge if the investment in a project will generate the expected benefits or not. The proposed project should not be launched unless the IRR value is positive. The highest value of the IRR

## What is VPN?

NPV stands for “Net Present Value”. It is a tool to calculate the difference between cash inflow and cash outflow of organization at present time. Probability is found by NPV. It gives the estimated value estimated cost of any project at present time and after few years the cost of the same project keeping in view the inflation rate and other factors. It is helpful to buy any company or organization.

## Key Differences

- Expression of both terms is different from each other. IRR is expressed in percentage while NPV is expressed in terms of currency.
- NPV stands for “Net Present Value” While IRR stands for “Internal Rate of Return”.
- NPV is preferred over IRR as NPV calculates additional wealth.
- NPV is capable of calculating the additional wealth while IRR does not.
- IRR is used to evaluate projects with changing cash flows, but NPV cannot evaluate projects with changing cash flows.
- The AS method represents IRR in percentage, so it is much more understandable for the manager with return concepts.
- When using the NPV, you will find different recommendations when using different discount rates, but for the IRR the recommendations are always the same.
- Decision making is quite easy by using VPN while IRR does not help decision making.
- The NPV determines the surplus of the project, while the IRR determines the state of the break-even point.