Difference Between Introversion and Extraversion

Introversion is a personality trait that is differentiated by an interest in developing and connecting with internal processes. The gaze is inward and there is a tendency to prefer solitude or individual activities over social connection.

Extraversion, also known as extraversion, is a type of personality in which the subject is more focused on developing a relationship with the outside. It requires a greater social connection and for this reason it tends to develop in environments that allow it to approach other individuals or groups.

Although there are no radically introverted or extroverted people, there is a tendency to identify with one type or another. However, neither of the two is better in qualifying terms, since both introversion and extraversion contribute to the development of the individual.


For the introvert, the stimuli of the external world can be overwhelming, and, in some cases, limiting for the development of their potential, so they prefer activities that do not involve so much social interaction.

This detail has made introversion often confused with shyness. However, they are different, since while introversion has to do with personality, shyness is based on the fear of being judged negatively.

Introversion is not necessarily linked to the absence of social connections, just that, in this case, these links develop differently.

types of introversion

Jung’s classification proposes four types of introversion, based on the influence of one of the four main functions of consciousness: sensation, intuition, thought and feeling:

  • Introverted thinking: they appeal to self-analysis to understand their position and vision of the world.
  • Introverted feeling: From the outside, they can be perceived as autonomous and in control of themselves, however, they can be indecipherable, since they are not usually accessible to most people.
  • Introverted sensation: they pay a lot of attention to what they perceive sensorially (smells, tastes, textures, sounds).
  • Introverted intuition: generally described as “dreamers”. They feed on their particular inner vision.

characteristics of introversion

A person with a greater tendency to introversion will feel identified with more than one of these characteristics:

  • Attachment and extreme reserve to narrate one’s own life, especially aspects that are considered intimate or very valuable.
  • Enjoy the solitude.
  • Preference for solo activities or small groups.
  • Rejection of environments with multiple stimuli (excessive noise, for example).
  • Tendency to active listening.
  • Preference for a reserved and quiet lifestyle.


It is a type of personality that is differentiated by the search for social interactions and a natural disposition to know, share and enjoy the outside world. Extraverted people have a tendency to prefer group activities and don’t usually spend as much time cultivating their inner world.

For the extravert, it is not only common to be in highly stimulating situations that, on different occasions, generate them. Hence, they are explorers, adventurers and charismatic by nature.

types of extraversion

For Jung, extraverts were divided into four groups:

  • Extraverted thinking: They have their own rules, usually immovable, and use them to understand the world around them.
  • Extraverted feeling: they are very adaptable to circumstances and are focused on obtaining recognition in the personal, professional and social spheres.
  • Extraverted sensation: they are characterized by seeing the world from a practical point of view, which is why they tend to easily accept the circumstances in which they live.
  • Extraverted intuition: they are charismatic, group leaders and are often one step ahead of situations due to their ability to foresee what may happen.

characteristics of extraversion

Generally, extraverted people have a great facility to connect with the world around them, but they also have other characteristic traits.

  • They are more willing to narrate their life and share thoughts and feelings with others.
  • They are very communicative. They have a knack for speaking in public or leading a conversation or debate.
  • Outdoor activities nurture and inspire them, as does sharing with other people.
  • They may have a certain tendency to be reckless, since they are so focused on communicating their ideas that they often do not think if what they are going to say is appropriate or convenient.
  • They are comfortable leading groups or solving problems.
  • His circle of friends and social contacts is very wide.
  • Individual activities and loneliness are not pleasant for them.

Introversion and Extraversion

introversion extraversion
Definition Personality trait distinguished by self-analysis and enrichment of the internal world. Personality trait differentiated by a tendency to connect with the outside world and the cultivation of social relationships.
Types Introverted thinking 

Introverted feeling

Introverted feeling

Introverted intuition

extraverted thinking 

extrovert feeling

extraverted feeling

extraverted intuition

Characteristics · Introspection. 

· Little communicative, reserved.

· Preference for individual activities.

· Tendency to prefer quiet environments.

· Few social ties.

· Ease of analysis.

· Extrospection.

· Very communicative and accessible.

· Preference for group activities.

· Noisy or outdoor environments are favorites.

· Many social links.

· Ease of execution.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


Back to top button