Human acts are all the actions that a person performs voluntarily and in which the will intervenes (ability to decide on the performance of the act), reason (performance of the act based on intelligence) and conscience (responsible knowledge). and personal about the act).
It is a series of acts that originate in the most human part of man based on his specific qualities and faculties such as intelligence, freedom and will. It can be said that human acts manifest the wealth or lack of morality, since they can be judged as good or bad according to socially accepted criteria or norms.
Indeed, human acts are the manifestation of the values and virtues of the person, therefore, if the person has positive values, their actions will be considered positive and if the person has negative values (antivalues or undervalues) their actions will be judged as negatives.
For example : Talking, drawing, dancing and lying are examples of human acts.
Acts of Man
Acts of man are called those acts that lack will, conscience or freedom and are performed by man from his own human nature. The acts of man are the physiological acts of biological man, that is, as a species of the animal kingdom. For this reason, these acts lack morality and cannot be judged from a moral point of view as positive or negative, since they do not obey a criterion or value but rather a behavior typical of their species, for which they are classified as amoral ( devoid of morals).
Additionally, the acts of man are unilateral, since they obey the natural actions of the individual, they are also incoercible, that is, they are fulfilled spontaneously and not by obligation and are also related to doing, that is, any action that is manifested .
For example : Coughing, sneezing, yawning and breathing are acts of man.
Once the definitions of human acts and acts of man have been presented, it can be said that the differences between them are:
- Human acts have to do with acting (actions that build the personality) while man’s acts have to do with doing (everything that is manifested).
- Human acts can be modified intentionally in attention to the apprehension of values while the acts of man cannot be modified with respect to values or moral criteria.
- Ethics (set of values) are involved in human acts, while physiology (biological nature of the person) is involved in human acts.
- Human acts are based on coercibility (incidence of others to act according to moral prejudices) while human acts are based on incoercibility (they are fulfilled spontaneously according to human nature).
- Human acts are multilateral (they include the person who performs them and the people who judge the act) while the acts of man are unilateral (only the person who performs them intervenes).