Computers

Difference between HTTP and HTTPS

Main difference

The main difference between HTTP and HTTPS is that HTTP stands for Hypertext Transfer Protocol and it is an insecure protocol while HTTPS stands for Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure and it is a secure protocol as the name suggests.

HTTP vs. HTTPS

Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is a client-server protocol, while Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure (HTTPS) is a secure and advanced version of HTTP. HTTP is an insecure protocol, while HTTPS is a secure protocol. The HTTP URL in your browser starts with http:// while the HTTPS URL starts with https://. HTTP uses port 80 by default. HTTPS uses port 443 for data transfer. HTTP website does not need SSL. The HTTPS website needs an SSL certificate. HTTP does not use any encryption method, so it is vulnerable to security threats. HTTPS uses data encryption, so it is secure against such attacks. HTTP is an insecure protocol and does not provide security, as its pages are stored in history and internet caches. HTTPS allows you to protect sensitive information from theft and provides two-way data security. HTTP works at the TCP/IP level. HTTPS works with a TLS/SSL connection. In HTTP, each command is executed separately without having the previous record and it is known as “stateless protocol”. Most of the time, HTTPS sites have a redirect, even if you type http:// it will automatically transfer you to a secure version. HTTP websites do not improve search ranking, while HTTPS improves your search ranking. website. HTTP is an application layer protocol. HTTPS operates at the transport layer. HTTP websites are faster and more accessible. HTTPS is slower than HTTP, as much data needs to be encrypted to protect personal information and data. “Most of the time HTTPS sites have a redirect, even if you type http:// it will automatically transfer you to a secure version. HTTP websites do not improve search ranking, while HTTPS improves your website’s search ranking. HTTP is an application layer protocol. HTTPS operates at the transport layer. HTTP websites are faster and more accessible. HTTPS is slower than HTTP as much data needs to be encrypted to protect personal data and information. “Most of the time HTTPS sites have a redirect, even if you type http:// it will automatically transfer you to a secure version. HTTP websites do not improve search ranking, while HTTPS improves the search ranking of your website. HTTP is an application layer protocol. HTTPS operates at the transport layer. HTTP websites are faster and more accessible. HTTPS is slower than HTTP as much data needs to be encrypted to protect personal data and information.

Comparison chart

HTTP HTTPS
Hypertext Transfer Protocol secure hypertext transfer protocol
Protocol
HTTP is an insecure protocol. It is a secure protocol.
port
Port 80 by default. Port 443 by default.
Security
It is vulnerable to hackers. HTTPS prevents such vulnerable threats and attacks.
operates in
HTTP operates at the level of TCP/IP. It works over an encrypted TLS/SSL connection.
domain validation
The website does not require SSL. The website requires an SSL certificate.
encryption
The website does not use encryption. The website uses data encryption.
Speed
HTTP is fast. HTTPS is slower.

What is HTTP?

Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is a client-server protocol that lays the foundation for a global web for reliable communication. HTTP websites are faster and quicker to access, but they do not provide security as their pages are stored in caches and internet history. HTTP has a set of rules to communicate with servers and browsers. HTTP is an application layer protocol. The formation of HTTP is based on the transmission control protocol (TCP). It uses a hypertext structure that establishes a link between nodes that contain text. In HTTP, each command is executed separately without having the previous record and it is known as “stateless protocol”. HTTP is an insecure protocol as anyone in the middle can alter the content. HTTP does not use the encryption method, making it vulnerable to security threats. In HTTP, data integrity is the biggest issue. HTTP uses port 80 by default. The HTTP website does not need an SSL certificate.

What is HTTPS?

The advanced and secure version of HTTP is HyperText Transfer Protocol Secure (HTTPS). HTTPS uses port 443 for data transfer. HTTPS accepts a special code that is used to send and receive information. HTTPS code is used in Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), also known as Transport Layer Security (TLS), and no one in the middle can read it. SSL allows a secure and encrypted data transaction. Using HTTPS, you can easily conduct e-commerce transactions such as online banking. When a customer logs into the HTTPS site, their information, password, and credit card numbers are encrypted. HTTPS allows you to protect sensitive information from theft and provides two-way data security. Most of the time,

Key differences

  1. The HTTP URL in the browser starts with http:// while the HTTPS URL in the browser starts with https://.
  2. HTTP is not otherwise protected; HTTPS is a secure protocol.
  3. HTTP is platform independent, while in HTTPS, SSL protects user information.
  4. HTTP operates at the application layer; conversely, HTTPS operates at the transport layer.
  5. HTTP defaults to port 80, while HTTPS defaults to port 443.
  6. The HTTP website does not use encryption, while the HTTPS website uses data encryption.
  7. HTTP is vulnerable to hackers, while HTTPS is secure against hackers.
  8. HTTP websites do not improve search ranking, while HTTPS improves search ranking.
  9. HTTP is fast, while HTTPS is slower than HTTP since a lot of information needs to be encrypted.
  10. HTTP website does not need an SSL certificate, while HTTPS websites require an SSL certificate.

Final Thought

HTTPS is a secure website if you are not using it, consider switching to it. You can ask your hosting company to buy an SSL certificate for you. You will improve and get high rankings for your websites with a little bit of effort.

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