Designates everything that is dangerous or harmful to the life of any living being or the environment. It can be applied to elements, products, behaviors and habits that can be harmful to the person and those around them. The concept can be applied in relation to the effect it has on people, animals or plants.
That is, it is a valid concept for any element that damages a living being. When talking about a harmful element, it is pointed out that its dangerousness is important. An element is harmful when you come into contact with it.
Toxic defines and qualifies harmful and harmful elements for some living organism. Usually it only refers to the human being, but everything that is toxic for us is for another living being.
The branch of science responsible for studying toxic elements is toxicology and is responsible for establishing which substances are toxic, often evaluating whether they cause superficial or deep damage. A toxic product causes damage to the cells in the various organic tissues and can not only cause their deterioration but also their disintegration.
Differences between harmful and toxic
- Toxic is that substance that in small quantities can cause severe damage to the body. In general, they can be irreparable damage if the contact is prolonged or the substance is classified as very toxic.
- Harmful is that substance that generates damage to the body in large quantities. It usually causes serious side effects, but these are reversible if the necessary care is received.