Technology

Difference between Git and Mercurial

Main difference

Git and Mercurial are distributed version control systems (DVCS). Mercurial is preferred in case you have to work with a small team and the main concern is to save your work and not let it get lost. Git is preferred in case you have to work openly and encourage contributions from anywhere and have to manage it cleanly without any accidental breakage of your main published code.

What is Git?

Git is a distributed version control system (DVCS). For sharing and modifying open source software, Git is widely used through its commercial website github. Git is preferred in case you have to work openly and encourage contributions from anywhere and have to manage it cleanly without any accidental breakage of your main published code. Its flexibility is quite high than that of other DVCS. It’s quite powerful as it allows you more low level commands in your workflow.

What is Mercury?

Mercurial is a distributed version control system (DVCS). Mercurial is preferred in case you have to work with a small team and the main concern is to save your work and not let it get lost. Mercurial is quite a bit easier to learn and it’s simple. Mercurial hides advanced features by default and lets the user enable or disable them through its settings.

Key differences

  1. Mercurial is quite a bit easier to learn than Git
  2. Mercurial is comparatively easier than Git to learn.
  3. Git is comparatively more flexible than Mercurial.
  4. Git is comparatively more powerful than Mercurial.
  5. Git provides you with the lowest level commands compared to Mercurial, as Mercurial hides advanced features by default and leaves it up to the user to enable or disable them through its settings.
  6. Introducing Git is easy enough for workflow changes than Mercurial.
  7. Pushing Mercurial is easier for workflow changes than Git.
  8. In Git, the only developer owner actions can change the local repository to a working directory by doing a “pull”. On the other hand, in Mercurial, an external push can change the local repository to a set of working files.
  9. In Git there are many risks and dangers of errors for the repository on the server and therefore the creation of a duplicate working repository for this purpose is required. In Mercurial there are no such dangers to working on the server repository.
  10. When committing via the index, Git has an additional “indirection layer”, while Mercurial has a simpler interface.
  11. Mercurial is preferred in case you have to work with a small team and the main concern is to save your work and not let it get lost.
  12. Git is preferred in case you have to work openly and encourage contributions from anywhere and have to manage it cleanly without any accidental breakage of your main published code.

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